Determinants of cevical cancer screening among migrants in northern district of Yangon, Myanmar

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Chaw Su Nandar
jiraporn chompikul
Orapin Laosee


A cross-sectional study was designed to identify factors affecting cervical cancer screening of migrant women aged 30-49 years in Hlaing Thar Yar Township. Multistage cluster sampling was used to randomly select 666 respondents.   They were face to face interviewed by six trained interviewers after obtaining informed consent during April and May 2015. Chi–square tests and multiple logistic regression were used to examine associations between independent variables and cervical cancer screening.

The prevalence of cervical cancer screening among migrants in the previous 3 year was 19.1%.  Cervical cancer screening was found to be significantly associated with marital status, family history of cervical cancer, knowledge, affordability for extra pay to get screening, providers’ rapid response, waiting time,  social support, family support, material support and perception regarding perceived threats, benefits, barriers and cues to actions. After  adjusting for  age,  family history of cervical cancer, and  other factors  in  the model,  perceived  barriers  (Adj  OR  =  2.42,  95%  CI  =  1. 45-4.04) and  knowledge  levels (AdjOR  =  2.21,  95%  CI  =  1.40—3.47)  remained  significant  predictors  of  cervical  cancerscreening  adherence.  Migrants with high level of knowledge about cervical cancer screening were 2.21 times more likely to have cervical cancer screening than those with poor level.

                   The findings of this study suggested that promoting free of charge, providing health education programs to increase knowledge and good perception about cervical cancer screening services among migrants to increase the prevalence of screening.

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Nandar CS, chompikul jiraporn, Laosee O. Determinants of cevical cancer screening among migrants in northern district of Yangon, Myanmar. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 8 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];13(2):3-17. Available from:
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