Prevalence and associated factors of non-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus testing of tuberculosis patients in Thailand

Main Article Content

Supa Pengpid
Karl Peltzer
Karl Peltzer

Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors ofnon-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing by tuberculosis hospital patients in Thailand. In 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 425 TB patients across 42 hospitals, two province, in all four regions in Thailand. All new TB and new retreatment patients were consecutively interviewed within one month of anti-tuberculosis treatment. The outcome was self-reported HIV testing after TB diagnosis, validated using clinic registers. Results indicate that 38.4% of the 425 participants had not undergone HIV testing. Multivariate analysis found 61 years and older and being a migrant worker was significantly associated with associated with “Not tested for HIV”, while other socio-demographic factors, geolocality, TB diagnosis characteristics, TB treatment status, TB knowledge substance use and TB-AIDS stigma were not significantly associated with associated with “Not tested for HIV”. In conclusion, the level of HIV testing among TB hospital patients was suboptimal, and the Ministry of Public Health should continue to scale-up HIV testing and other collaborative TB-HIV services at health facilities.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Pengpid S, Peltzer K, Peltzer K. Prevalence and associated factors of non-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus testing of tuberculosis patients in Thailand. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2015 Sep. 14 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];13(1):29-36. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/33603
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Supa Pengpid

1ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand, 73170

2Department of Research Innovation and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Sovenga 0727, South Africa

Karl Peltzer

1ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand, 73170

3Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Sovenga 0727, South Africa

4HIV/AIDS/STIs and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa 

Karl Peltzer

1ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand, 73170

3Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Sovenga 0727, South Africa

4HIV/AIDS/STIs and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa