Workplace health promotion management of non-communicable disease prevention and implementation among organizational leaders and human resource executives in Thailand: A qualitative study 10.55131/jphd/2024/220113

Main Article Content

Jate Ratanachina
Pornchai Sithisarankul

Abstract

In Thailand, the Cabinet has outlined a national reform plan (public health), which emphasizes the concept of health promotion in alignment with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. The plan focuses on policies and measures within the workplace and setting goals to establish workplace health policies. Workplace health promotion yields positive effects on businesses by enhancing work productivity and reducing costs. However, national policies specifically aimed at promoting good health and well-being in the workplace are still limited in scope and are predominantly implemented by governmental agencies in Thailand. This study aimed to investigate the management and implementation of health promotion policies in the workplace by organizational leaders and human resource (HR) executives. We conducted exploratory research using the inductive approach of conventional content analysis. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with senior-level and HR executives affiliated with influential bodies of the Joint Standing Committee on Commerce, Industry, and Banking (JSCCIB), the Personnel Management Association of Thailand (PMAT), industrial estates, and prominent businesses representing all eight industry groups in Thailand between May and November 2022. In-depth interviews were conducted with all key informants, totalling 35 individuals, representing 27 businesses and organizations.


The findings were categorized into three main themes: 1) Management including organizational policies, and leadership, 2) Operations including budget allocation, activities, and operational tips, and 3) Challenges including operational challenges and individual factors. This study has outlined strategies for more effective management and implementation to enhance workplace health promotion, and refined policies for improvement of health promotion initiatives in Thai workplaces.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Ratanachina J, Sithisarankul P. Workplace health promotion management of non-communicable disease prevention and implementation among organizational leaders and human resource executives in Thailand: A qualitative study: 10.55131/jphd/2024/220113. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 19 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];22(1):170-83. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/266496
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Jate Ratanachina, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Pornchai Sithisarankul, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

References

United Nations. Sustainable Development Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 12] Available from: https://thailand.un.org/ th/sdgs/3

National Reform Committee. National Reform Plan (Revised Edition) [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2023 Jan 12] Available from: https://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2564/E/044/T_0001.PDF (in Thai)

Wongrathanandha C, Singha S, Prasertsri L, Surangsrirat D, Hemaratpitak N, Hanvoravongchai J. Knowledge Review: A Project to Development Policies and Models of Health and Safety Promotion in the Workplace under Employment System and the Universal Coverage Scheme. Nonthaburi: Health Systems Research Institute; 2022.

Robinson D, Perryman S, Hayday S. The drivers of employee engagement. Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies; 2004.

Ratanachina J, Amaral AFS, De Matteis S, Lawin H, Mortimer K, Obaseki DO, et al. Association of respiratory symptoms and lung function with occupation in the multinational Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study. Eur Respir J. 2023; 61 20230112. doi: 10.1183/13993003. 00469-2022.

Burton J. WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model: Background and Supporting Literature and Practice [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2023 Mar 7] Available from: https://iris.who.int/ bitstream/handle/10665/113144/9789241500241_eng.pdf

Guest D. Employee engagement: a sceptical analysis. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 2014; 1: 141-56. doi: 10.1108/JOEPP-04-2014-0017.

Park CL, Kubzansky LD, Chafouleas SM, Davidson RJ, Keltner D, Parsafar P, et al. Emotional Well-Being: What It Is and Why It Matters. Affective Science. 2022. doi: 10.1007/s42761-022-00163-0.

Karnjanapiboonwong A, Kamwangsanga P, Kaewtha S. NCD situation report 2019: diabetes, hypertension, and related risk factors. Nonthaburi: Department of Disease Control; 2020.

National Statistical Office. Labor Force Statistics [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 12]. Available from: http://statbbi.nso. go.th/staticreport/page/sector/en/02.aspx

Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis. Qualitative Health Research 2005; 15: 1277-1288. doi: 10.1177/1049732305276687.

Stock Exchange of Thailand. Industry Grouping and Business Categories [Internet]. 2023 [cited 2023 Aug 25]. Available from: https://www.set.or.th/en/ listing/equities/industry-sector-classification

Vargas AM. Applying labour law to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises: A comparative study of 16 countries [Internet]. 2023 [cited 2023 Aug 25]. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/ legacy/english/intserv/working-papers/wp009/index.html

Erlingsson C, Brysiewicz P. A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. Afr J Emerg Med. 2017; 7: 93-9. 20170821. doi: 10.1016/j.afjem.2017.08.001.

Ministry of Labour. Ministerial Regulation prescribed on health check for employees who work with risk factors B.E. 2563 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 Jul 15]. Available from: https://www.ratchakitcha. soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2563/A/080/T_0030.PDF (in Thai)

World Health Organization. The Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2023 Dec 1]. Available from: https://www. who.int/teams/health-promotion/ enhanced-wellbeing/sixth-global-conference/the-bangkok-charter

Koh D and Gan WH. Work and Health. In: Koh D, Gan WH (eds) Textbook of occupational medicine practice. 5 ed. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing; 2022;p.3-28.

Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Growing the Health and Well-being Agenda: From first steps to full potential. London: CIPD; 2016.

Cockburn IM, Bailit HL, Berndt ER, Finkelstein SN. Loss of work productivity due to illness and medical treatment. J Occup Environ Med. 1999; 41: 948-953. 1999/11/26. doi: 10.1097/00043764-199911000-00005.

Rose RC, Beh L, Uli J, Idris K. An Analysis of Quality of Work Life (QWL) and Career- Related Variables. American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2006; 3. doi: 10.3844/ajassp.2006.2151.2159.

Nixon AE, Claus L. Global worklife balance and stress management. In: Claus L (ed) Global HR Practitioner Handbook. OR: Global Immersion Press; 2014;p.175-96.

The strategic role of the human resource function. In: Bailey C, Mankin D, Kelliher C, Garavan T. Strategic human resource Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2018;p.67-70.

Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB, Salanova M. The Measurement of Work Engagement With a Short Questionnaire: A Cross-National Study. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 2006; 66: 701-16. doi: 10.1177/0013164405282471.

Harter JK, Schmidt FL and Hayes TL. Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2002; 87: 268-79. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.87.2.268.

Rayton BA, Dodge T, d'Analeze G. The Evidence: Employee Engagement Task Force “Nailing the evidence” workgroup. London: Engage for Success; 2012.

Ungureanu P, Bertolotti F, Pilati M. What drives alignment between offered and perceived well-being initiatives in organizations? A cross-case analysis of employer–employee shared strategic intentionality. European management journal. 2019; 37: 742-59. doi: 10.1016/ j.emj.2019.03.005.

Cascio WF, Fink AA, Boudreau JW. Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives 3ed. USA: Society for Human Resource Management; 2019.

Wu A, Roemer EC, Kent KB, Ballard DE, Goetzel RZ. Organizational Best Practices Supporting Mental Health in the Workplace. J Occup Environ Med. 2021; 63: e925-e931. doi: 10.1097/jom. 0000000000002407.

Rojatz D, Merchant A, Nitsch M. Factors influencing workplace health promotion intervention: a qualitative systematic review. Health Promot Int 2017; 32: 831-839. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw015.

Sithisarankul P and Hengpraprom S. Workplace health promotion in Thailand. Asian-Pacific newsletter on occupational health and safety. 2013; 20: 4-7.

Kondracki NL, Wellman NS, Amundson DR. Content analysis: review of methods and their applications in nutrition education. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2002; 34: 224-30. doi: 10.1016/s1499-4046(06) 60097-3.