Applying the transtheoretical model of health behavior change: using calendars for hypertension management in elderly individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Phrae Province, Thailand 10.55131/jphd/2024/220105

Main Article Content

Apichet Jumneansuk
Phitchasuda Dechboon
Rattanaporn Arsa
Anongnat Pansathin
Tanatas Pudpong

Abstract

Hypertension is a persistent global public health concern, particularly affecting elderly individuals and is further compounded by the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Innovative interventions are essential to effectively manage blood pressure in this vulnerable demographic group. This quasi-experimental study implemented a calendar-based intervention among 84 elderly individuals in Phrae Province, Thailand. The intervention integrated dietary recommendations, physical activity guidelines, and hypertension education. Over eight weeks, the intervention group exhibited a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (6.59 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (2.52 mmHg) levels (p-value<0.05), contrasting with the comparison group's increase. The calendar-based program effectively enhanced hypertension knowledge, empowering participants to make informed health decisions. The study's holistic approach, grounded in health behavior change models, effectively promoted hypertension awareness and facilitated healthier lifestyles. Results suggest the calendar-based program's suitability for elderly individuals at high risk of hypertension, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, due to its cost-effectiveness and accessibility. This research underscores the potential of calendar-based interventions in supporting blood pressure management among elderly populations, with broader implications for public health strategies, especially during challenging circumstances such as pandemics.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Jumneansuk A, Dechboon P, Rattanaporn Arsa, Anongnat Pansathin, Tanatas Pudpong. Applying the transtheoretical model of health behavior change: using calendars for hypertension management in elderly individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Phrae Province, Thailand: 10.55131/jphd/2024/220105. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 19 [cited 2024 Apr. 15];22(1):51-65. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/266266
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Apichet Jumneansuk, Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Phitchasuda Dechboon, Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Rattanaporn Arsa, Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Anongnat Pansathin, Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Public Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Tanatas Pudpong, Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani, Thailand

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