Perception, attitude and stigma of community pharmacists toward patients with mental disorders: a cross-sectional study 10.55131/jphd/2024/220116

Main Article Content

Nisa Febrinasari
Anna Wahyuni Widayanti
Yayi Suryo Prabandari
Satibi Satibi


One of the potential barriers to providing pharmaceutical care services to patients with mental disorders is stigma. Therefore, this study aims to explore the perception, attitude and stigma of community pharmacists toward patients with mental disorders in Indonesia. A self-report questionnaire was used including a convenience sample of 1,878 Indonesian community pharmacists from January to March 2023. The regression analyses showed that the perception in confidence level was significantly affected by age (95% CL :0.468-0.851; p-value:0.003) and work experience (95% CL: 1.205-2.284; p-value :0.002). Furthermore, age also affected the attitude of the community pharmacists towards patients with mental disorders (95% CL: 0.705-0.985; p-value: 0.033). Gender and a history of mental illness in a family member or a close friend contributed significantly to social distance (95% CL: 0.584-0.937; p-value: 0.013 and 95% CL: 1.212-1.779; p-value: <0.001, respectively). However, the self-disclosure of pharmacists about mental disorders remained unfavourable. In conclusion, this study found that majority of respondents had good perception and a low level of stigma towards patients with mental disorders. Based on the results, the continuous promotion of mental health awareness and education is recommended. In addition, sharing the personal experiences of individuals with mental disorders is essential for reducing self-stigma. Further studies are required to support service development in this field.

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How to Cite
Febrinasari N, Widayanti AW, Prabandari YS, Satibi S. Perception, attitude and stigma of community pharmacists toward patients with mental disorders: a cross-sectional study: 10.55131/jphd/2024/220116. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 19 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];22(1):209-23. Available from:
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Nisa Febrinasari, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Semarang, Indonesia

Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Semarang, Indonesia

Anna Wahyuni Widayanti, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Department Health Behaviour, Environment and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Department Health Behaviour, Environment and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Satibi Satibi, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


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