Mental health status and associated factors with stress among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study 10.55131/jphd/2024/220108

Main Article Content

Subhra Rani Das
Sharmin Sultana
Ebney Sunjida Abedin
ABM Alauddin Chowdhury
Md. Imdadul Haque

Abstract

COVID-19, being the most terrible occurrence of the 21st century, has profoundly affected the physical and mental well-being of healthcare workers (HCWs). Throughout this pandemic, HCWs have been at the forefront, confronting numerous physical and mental health problems. Our study aimed to identify the major mental health issues experienced by HCWs in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Additionally, we aimed to uncover the contributing factors that led to their heightened stress. According to this purpose, this cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2021 to February 2022 with different categories of HCWs selected from twelve hospitals exclusively designated for COVID-19 patients. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using semi-structured questionnaires. A 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was used to assess the stress levels experienced by the respondents. Among the total of 483 HCWs, 76.6% were nurses, 19.9% were doctors, and 3.5% were medical technologists. Our study found that the prevalence of COVID-19 positive cases among HCWs (nurses, doctors, and medical technologists) was 28.6%. Based on the PSS, 93.2% experienced low to moderate levels of stress, and 6.8% reported high levels of stress. A number of sociodemographic, habitual, organizational, and family factors of the respondents were significant, with the PSS at a 5% level of significance and a p-value less than 0.05. However, the variable ‘experience of any negligence, torture, blaming/bullying/threat from society’ was insignificant to the stress experienced by the HCWs. In brief, the study highlights the mental health issues faced by HCWs amid the pandemic, emphasizing significant associated factors. Organizational support and the role of the HCWs' families are crucial in reducing their stress levels.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Das SR, Sultana S, Abedin ES, Chowdhury AA, Haque MI. Mental health status and associated factors with stress among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study: 10.55131/jphd/2024/220108. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 24 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];22(1):93-109. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/265617
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Subhra Rani Das, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Sheikh Russel National Gastroliver Institute and Hospital (SRNGIH), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.

Sharmin Sultana, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Faculty of Health Science & Medicine, Miltonbridge University, Mogadishu, Somalia

Ebney Sunjida Abedin, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

ABM Alauddin Chowdhury, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Md. Imdadul Haque, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Daffodil Smart City, Birulia, Savar, Dhaka – 1216, Bangladesh.

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