Proper hand washing practices among elementary school students in Selat sub-district, Indonesia.

Main Article Content

Tri Setyautamii
Santhat Sermsri
Jiraporn Chompikul

Abstract

Setyautami T, Sermsri S and Chompikul J.

Proper hand washing practices among elementary school students in Selat Sub-district, Indonesia

J Pub. Health Dev. 2012; 10(2): 3-20

Even though proper hand washing is the most effective and easiest way to prevent many diseases, unfortunately

many people do not practice hand washing correctly. The worldwide Global Hand Washing Day campaign which

targets school children as the most effective agents for behavior change is both evidence of this problem and an

attempt to address it. This study considers the implications of this practical policy for local government, health

professionals and other stakeholders concerned with improving school-based hygiene intervention programs.

This paper describes a cross-sectional descriptive study about hand washing practice, the prevalence of proper

hand washing, and related factors among sixth grade of elementary students in Selat sub-district, Indonesia. A

self administered questionnaire was administered to 274 students at seven schools randomly selected by proportion

to size from

 

five villages. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi square tests, and multiple logistic

regression to explore associations between the various study factors (i.e. socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes,

subjective norms, perceived control, and availability of facilities).

Nine combinations of hand washing emerged from this study which combined washing hands by using water

and soap with two critical events: before eating and after visiting the toilet. Only 40.5% of the respondents

washed their hands properly. Availability of clean water (Adj OR = 4.24, 95% CI = 1.92-9.35) and soap (Adj

OR = 5.55, 95% CI = 2.36-13.08) at hand washing stands were found to be signi

 

ficant predictors of proper hand

washing, when adjusted with other factors.

This study demonstrates that the prevalence of proper hand washing was very low among the school students.

Hand washing promotion should be more effective in schools and better facilities need to be more widely available

to improve the prevalence of proper hand washing by students.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Setyautamii T, Sermsri S, Chompikul J. Proper hand washing practices among elementary school students in Selat sub-district, Indonesia. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2012 Sep. 11 [cited 2024 Apr. 13];10(2):3-20. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/2642
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Original Articles