Health literacy, health behavior, social support and quality of life among socially dependent elderly people, in Phayao Province, Thailand 10.55131/jphd/2023/210216

Main Article Content

Kamollak Wongnoy
Somkid Juwa
Taweewun Srisookkum


This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the level of health literacy, health behavior, social support and quality of life among socially dependent elderly people , and to investigate correlations and predictable factors for their quality of life. 450 elderly people in Thailand's Phayao province were chosen using a multi-stage cluster sampling method.  Data were collected using questionnaires between November 7th, 2022 and January 30th, 2023. Descriptive analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data.

The results showed that health literacy (HL-3ESA) and social support were adequate, health behavior (HB-3ESA) was good, and quality of life (QL) was at a good level. QL differed significantly between groups according to age, occupation, education, BMI, and disease condition.  Cognitive function and information on HL-3ESA and emotional support were positively and significant in their correlation with QL, whereas HL-3ESA was negatively significant in its correlation with QL. Multiple regression analysis indicated that seven dependent variables predicted QL; disease condition (β= 3.94),  frequency of health information (β=.932),  HB-3ESA (β= -.526), occupation (β= -.386), age (β= -.215), HL-3ESA (β= .210),and social support (β= .124) and all were able to predict QL from samples at 27.3%. 

The findings should be used to help set up activities to promote health care measures for socially dependent elderly in the area under study and similar areas.

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How to Cite
Kamollak Wongnoy, Somkid Juwa, Taweewun Srisookkum. Health literacy, health behavior, social support and quality of life among socially dependent elderly people, in Phayao Province, Thailand: 10.55131/jphd/2023/210216. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2023 May 8 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];21(2):189-200. Available from:
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Kamollak Wongnoy, School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand

School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand

Somkid Juwa, School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand

School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand

Taweewun Srisookkum, School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand

School of Public Health, University, Phayao, Thailand


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