Demographic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients in the least developed province Balochistan of Pakistan – an observational descriptive study 10.55131/jphd/2023/210209

Main Article Content

Sadia Sabir
Nazish Sabir
Nadia Banaras
Afrose Liaquat
Muhammad Jawad Khan

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the epidemiological and clinical attributes of COVID-19 patients in the least developed province of Balochistan, Pakistan. The information was obtained from the daily situation report by the Health Department, Government of Balochistan, Pakistan. We investigated the reports of 4177 patients confirmed by RT-PCR tests. Demographic, epidemiological and risk factors data along with comorbidities and clinical signs were recorded. Out of 4500 suspected cases, 4177 cases were directed for the confirmation of COVID-19. A sum of 2177 patients was confirmed to have COVID-19 and 2000 individuals tested negative for the illness. Out of 4177 patients, 2000 patients recovered but 177 patients died because of COVID-19. In current statistics, most males were affected by COVID-19 as 3243 (77.69%) were males and 934 (22.36%) were females. A total of 90.81% of individuals had fever, 88.97% had a cough, 81% had body throbs, and 89.66% had a sore throat. Shortness of breath was observed in 97.06% and 44.09 % had comorbidity. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the outcome of patients was associated with gender and symptoms. The district Quetta had the maximum number of COVID-19 cases and deaths. COVID-19 cases and case casualty proportion are low in Balochistan. Whether this is because of failure to do more tests is still to be discovered. Males and individuals of older age are more impacted, and fatalities were higher in cases with co-morbid conditions. Balochistan has a feeble medical care framework and many asymptomatic cases, and needs more rigid screening activities.

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1.
Sadia Sabir, Nazish Sabir, Nadia Banaras, Afrose Liaquat, Muhammad Jawad Khan. Demographic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients in the least developed province Balochistan of Pakistan – an observational descriptive study: 10.55131/jphd/2023/210209. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 24 [cited 2024 Apr. 20];21(2):102-11. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/263190
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Sadia Sabir, Provincial Public Health Laboratory, Health Directorate Quetta, Pakistan

Provincial Public Health Laboratory, Health Directorate Quetta, Pakistan

Nazish Sabir, Goverment Girls Postgraduate College, Jinnah Town, Quetta, Pakistan

Goverment Girls Postgraduate College, Jinnah Town, Quetta, Pakistan

Nadia Banaras, Department of Neurosurgery, Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

Department of Neurosurgery, Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

Afrose Liaquat, Shifa College of Medicine, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Shifa College of Medicine, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Jawad Khan, Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan

Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan

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