Prevalence and Help Seeking Behavior for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury on College Students 10.55131/jphd/2023/210219

Main Article Content

Farida Hidayati
Mohammad Fanani
Sri Mulyani


The high prevalence of NSSI has become a widespread health issue in various countries. Unfortunately, NSSI studies in Eastern countries are not as many as in Western countries. This study aims to explore the self-injury behavior of students in Indonesia. Crowdsourcing approach is used by distributing questionnaires through Google Form. A total of 909 students aged 18-25 years (mean age = 20.3, SD = 1,329, 75.4% female) participants completed the Inventory of Statements About Self-injury (ISAS) self-report scale to comprehensively assess non suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Participants were recruited during June 2022–July 2022. The results shows 30% of students were involved in NSSI behavior. The mean age of onset was 15.5 years. As many as 55% of subjects reported having committed more than 50 acts of self-injury. The reported NSSI methods included slashing (78% hair pulling, hitting 74%, biting 57.1%, interfering wound healing 46.9%, carving 26.7%, pinching 66%, scratching 63.3%, stabbing 25.2%, and ingesting a hazardous substance 7.3%. It was reported that 88.3% used more than one method, 17.2% did not feel pain while doing self-injury. In conclusion, the prevalence of NSSI among students in Indonesia is not different from other countries. Prevention and management actions need to be developed to help people who self-injure to have strategies in dealing with problems adaptively and avoiding risky behavior.

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How to Cite
Hidayati F, Fanani M, Mulyani S. Prevalence and Help Seeking Behavior for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury on College Students: 10.55131/jphd/2023/210219. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2023 May 16 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];21(2):223-40. Available from:
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Farida Hidayati, Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Mohammad Fanani, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Sri Mulyani, Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Vocational School, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia

Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Vocational School, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia


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