COVID-19 vaccines-related adverse events and associated factors reported among adult Egyptians 10.55131/jphd/2023/210104

Main Article Content

Eman R. Ghazawy
Ashraf A. Ewis
Doaa M. Khalil
Shaza F. Alkilany
Shaymaa Nafady
Hana Ewis
Momen Z. Mohammed
Marwa G. Abdelrehim

Abstract

COVID-19 vaccine recipients are more likely to experience post-vaccination adverse events, which are considered the source of concerns about vaccine safety. This study aims to describe the utilization of COVID-19 vaccines and the associated adverse events and their possible predictors among adult Egyptians. An online cross-sectional study was designed to collect data through a Google Form questionnaire in November 2021. Adults who received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine were asked to report their experience with vaccination and associated adverse events. A total of 853 participants were included in the study after receiving Sinopharm/Sinovac (63%), AstraZeneca (27%), Pfizer-BioNTech (4.8%), and other vaccines (5.2%). Around 50% of participants thought that COVID-19 vaccines were safe, 30.8% advised others with vaccination, and 68.3% reported post-vaccination adverse events. The most commonly encountered adverse symptoms were injection site pain (82.5%), fatigue (67.4%), flu-like symptoms (59.6%), and bone and muscle pains (59.6%). Most adverse events were less likely reported by Sinopharm/Sinovac recipients than recipients of other vaccines. The significant predictors for reporting adverse events were female gender, the first dose of vaccination, and vaccine type (AstraZeneca versus Sinopharm/Sinovac) with multivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI) = 1.85 (1.34-2.54); 2.01 (1.24–3.25), and 3.86 (2.54–5.86). Findings revealed that adverse events of COVID-19 vaccines are common. Sinopharm/Sinovac recipients were reported to have lesser adverse events than other recipients. However, serious reactions were rare which ensures the safety of all vaccine types among the adult Egyptian population.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Ghazawy ER, Ewis AA, Khalil DM, Alkilany SF, Nafady S, Ewis H, Mohammed MZ, Abdelrehim MG. COVID-19 vaccines-related adverse events and associated factors reported among adult Egyptians: 10.55131/jphd/2023/210104. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 9 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];21(1):45-59. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/260344
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Eman R. Ghazawy, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Ashraf A. Ewis, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences –AlQunfudah, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah province, Saudi Arabia.

Doaa M. Khalil, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Shaza F. Alkilany, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Shaymaa Nafady, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Hana Ewis, Undergraduate student, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Undergraduate student, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Momen Z. Mohammed, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt

Marwa G. Abdelrehim, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

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