Factors impacting COVID-19 preventive behaviors in Thai adults during the initial phase of vaccination 10.55131/jphd/2022/200319

Main Article Content

Wiphawadee Potisopha
Donwiwat Saensom
Chanapa Noonark
Chompoonoot Kabkumba

Abstract

Public preventive behaviors can effectively help control the spread of COVID-19. Exploring the leading factors affecting these behaviors is thus vital to public health planning. This study aimed to explore factors influencing COVID-19 preventive behaviors among the Thai population. A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to Thai residents through social media applications (Facebook, Line, Instagram, and Twitter) in July 2021. The questionnaires included behaviors, knowledge, and perceived responsibility for COVID-19 control, confidence in pandemic management, having chronic diseases, COVID-19 vaccination, and demographic factors. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, T-Test, and multivariate linear regression analysis. A total of 500 participants (mean age = 40.49 ± 12.68 years; 79.2% females) completed the questionnaires. Of these, 58% were vaccinated. Participants who had college and higher education and were employed tended to be vaccinated compared to their counterparts. Most participants (70%) reported they "always" wear masks outside their homes, but only half (52.8%) admitted that they regularly use hand sanitizers. COVID-19 preventive behaviors were positively associated with preventive knowledge (p < .001), perception of responsibility to control COVID-19 (p = .019), and being a female (p = .007). Being employed or self-employed, on the other hand, was associated with a decrease in preventive behaviors (p = .025). There was no relationship between participants who took COVID-19 vaccination and preventive behaviors. To promote COVID-19 preventive behaviors, efforts should be focused on increasing public knowledge and encouraging perceived responsibility for COVID-19 control, particularly among men and those who are employed, regardless of the COVID-19 vaccination status.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Potisopha W, Saensom D, Noonark C, Kabkumba C. Factors impacting COVID-19 preventive behaviors in Thai adults during the initial phase of vaccination: 10.55131/jphd/2022/200319. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 9 [cited 2024 Apr. 15];20(3):236-48. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/258527
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Wiphawadee Potisopha, Department of Adult Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Department of Adult Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Donwiwat Saensom, Department of Adult Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Department of Adult Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Chanapa Noonark, The School of Communication Arts, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Nonthaburi, Thailand

The School of Communication Arts, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Chompoonoot Kabkumba, Department of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Department of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

References

World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard 2021 [Internet]. [cited 2021 Dec 30]. Available from: https://covid19.who. int.

Wang C, Tee M, Roy AE, Fardin MA, Srichokchatchawan W, Habib HA, et al. The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians: A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(2): e0246824. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 0246824.

Javed B, Sarwer A, Soto EB, Mashwani ZU. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic's impact on mental health. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2020;35(5): 993-6. doi: 10.1002/hpm.3008.

Gössling S, Scott D, Hall CM. Pandemics, tourism and global change: A rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2021;29(1):1-20. doi: 10.1080/ 09669582.2020.1758708.

Gwee SXW, Chua PEY, Wang MX, Pang J. Impact of travel ban implementation on COVID-19 spread in Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea during the early phase of the pandemic: A comparative study. BMC Infect Dis. 2021;21(1):799. doi: 10.1186/s12879-021-06449-1.

Saladino V, Algeri D, Auriemma V. The Psychological and Social Impact of Covid-19: New Perspectives of Well-Being. Front Psychol. 2020;11.

Ministry of Health, Thailand. Covid-19 situation report [in Thai] [Internet]. [cited 2021 Dec 30]. Available from: http://covid19.ddc.moph.go.th

Rajatanavin N, Tuangratananon T, Suphanchaimat R, Tangcharoensathien V. Responding to the COVID-19 second wave in Thailand by diversifying and adapting lessons from the first wave. BMJ Glob Health. 2021;6(7):e006178. doi: 10.1136/ bmjgh-2021-006178.

Department of Disease Control of Thailand. Covid-19 vaccine in Thailand [in Thai] [Internet]. [cited 2021 Dec 30]. Available from: https://ddc.moph. go.th/vaccine-covid19/

World Health Organization. COVID-19 vaccine tracker and landscape 2021 [Internet]. [Cited 2021 Dec 30]. Available from: https://www.who.int/ publications/m/item/draft-landscape-of-covid-19-candidate-vaccines.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public 2021 [Internet]. Available from: https://www.who.int/ emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public.

Aschwanden D, Strickhouser JE, Sesker AA, Lee JH, Luchetti M, Terracciano A, et al. Preventive Behaviors During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Associations With Perceived Behavioral Control, Attitudes, and Subjective Norm. Front Public Health. 2021;9:662835. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.662835.

Shafiq M, Elharake JA, Malik AA, McFadden SM, Aguolu OG, Omer SB. COVID-19 Sources of Information, Knowledge, and Preventive Behaviors Among the US Adult Population. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2021;27(3): 278-84. doi: 10.1097/phh. 0000000000001348.

Jones P, Menon A, Hicken A, Rozek LS. Global adoption of personal and social mitigation behaviors during COVID-19: The role of trust & confidence. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(9): e0256159. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 0256159.

Goldszmidt R, Petherick A, Andrade EB, Hale T, Furst R, Phillips T, et al. Protective Behaviors Against COVID-19 by Individual Vaccination Status in 12 Countries During the Pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(10): e2131137-e. doi: 10.1001/ jamanetworkopen.2021.31137.

Wright L, Steptoe A, Mak HW, Fancourt D. Do people reduce compliance with COVID-19 guidelines following vaccination? A longitudinal analysis of matched UK adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2022;76(2):109-15. doi: 10.1136/jech-2021-217179.

LaRose R, Tsai H-yS. Completion rates and non-response error in online surveys: Comparing sweepstakes and pre-paid cash incentives in studies of online behavior. Comput Hum Behav 2014;34:110-9. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.017.

Al-Metwali BZ, Al-Jumaili AA, Al-Alag ZA, Sorofman B. Exploring the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine among healthcare workers and general population using health belief model. J Eval Clin Pract. 2021;27(5):1112-22. doi: 10.1111/jep.13581.

Sherman SM, Smith LE, Sim J, Amlôt R, Cutts M, Dasch H, et al. COVID-19 vaccination intention in the UK: results from the COVID-19 vaccination acceptability study (CoVAccS), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2021;17(6):1612-21. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2020.1846397.

Yu Y, Lau JTF, Lau MMC, Wong MCS, Chan PKS. Understanding the Prevalence and Associated Factors of Behavioral Intention of COVID-19 Vaccination Under Specific Scenarios Combining Effectiveness, Safety, and Cost in the Hong Kong Chinese General Population. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2021. doi: 10.34172/ijhpm. 2021.02.

Firouzbakht M, Omidvar S, Firouzbakht S, Asadi-Amoli A. COVID-19 preventive behaviors and influencing factors in the Iranian population; a web-based survey. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):143.doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-10201-4.

Siramaneerat I. Perceptions, knowledge and self-defense behaviors regarding COVID-19 among employees at Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Thailand. Journal of Health Research. 2022; 36(5):794-801.doi: 10.1108/JHR-09-2020-0426.

Yodmai K, Pechrapa K, Kittipichai W, Charupoonpol P, Suksatan W. Factors Associated with Good COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Among Older Adults in Urban Communities in Thailand. J Prim Care Community Health. 2021;12:21501327211036251. doi: 10.1177/21501327211036251.

Galasso V, Pons V, Profeta P, Becher M, Brouard S, Foucault M. Gender differences in COVID-19 attitudes and behavior: Panel evidence from eight countries. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020;117(44):27285-91. doi: 10.1073/ pnas.2012520117.

Gutu B, Legese G, Fikadu N, Kumela B, Shuma F, Mosisa W, et al. Assessment of preventive behavior and associated factors towards COVID-19 in Qellam Wallaga Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia: A community-based cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(4):e0251062. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0251062.

Hosen I, Pakpour AH, Sakib N, Hussain N, al Mamun F, Mamun MA. Knowledge and preventive behaviors regarding COVID-19 in Bangladesh: A nationwide distribution. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(5):e0251151. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251151.

Abeysinghe S, Amir V, Huda N, Humam F, Lokopessy AF, Sari PV, et al. Risk and responsibility: lay perceptions of COVID-19 risk and the ‘ignorant imagined other’ in Indonesia. Health Risk Soc. 2022:1-21. doi: 10.1080/13698575.2022.2091751.

Shahin MAH, Hussien RM. Risk perception regarding the COVID-19 outbreak among the general population: a comparative Middle East survey. Middle East Current Psychiatry. 2020;27(1):71.doi: 10.1186/s43045-020-00080-7.

Arslanca T, Fidan C, Daggez M, Dursun P. Knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception of the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study in Turkish health care workers. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(4): e0250017.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 0250017.

Sánchez-Arenas R, Doubova SV, González-Pérez MA, Pérez-Cuevas R. Factors associated with COVID-19 preventive health behaviors among the general public in Mexico City and the State of Mexico. PLOS ONE. 2021;16(7):e0254435. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0254435.

Probst TM, Lee HJ, Bazzoli A, Jenkins MR, Bettac EL. Work and Non-Work Sickness Presenteeism: The Role of Workplace COVID-19 Climate. J Occup Environ Med. 2021;63(8):713-8. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002240.

Šuriņa S, Martinsone K, Perepjolkina V, Kolesnikova J, Vainik U, Ruža A, et al. Factors Related to COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors: A Structural Equation Model. Front Psychol. 2021;12(1821). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg. 2021.676521.

Ayalon L. Trust and Compliance with COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors during the Pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(5):2643. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18052643.

Al-Rasheed M. Protective Behavior against COVID-19 among the Public in Kuwait: An Examination of the Protection Motivation Theory, Trust in Government, and Sociodemographic Factors. Soc Work Public Health. 2020;35(7):546-56. doi: 10.1080/ 19371918.2020.1806171.

Wright L, Steptoe A, Fancourt D. Patterns of compliance with COVID-19 preventive behaviours: a latent class analysis of 20 000 UK adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2022;76(3):247-53. doi: 10.1136/jech-2021-216876.