Health literacy and behavioral model of Dhammanamai among village health volunteers in the Northern Thailand 10.55131/jphd/2022/200309

Main Article Content

Wirinya Mueangchang
Nattanida Jantarach
Taweewun Srisookkum


This cross-sectional study aimed to explain the level of health literacy and health behavior, investigate relevant factors, predict factors, and construct the behavioral model of Dhammanamai among village health volunteers (VHVs) in northern Thailand. The sample participants were 347 VHVs in Phayao Province, Thailand. They were selected by using the multi-stage random sampling technique. In this research, a questionnaire was used for collecting data that was administered from June-August 2021. Data were analyzed through descriptive analysis, independent-sample t-tests, one-way ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results revealed that both health literacy and health behaviors regarding Dhammanamai had an adequate level ( = 62.69, SD = 8.284;  = 52.83, SD = 6.149). The years of VHVs experience was significantly related to health literacy (p-value = 0.004) and the total components of health literacy on Dhammanamai were significantly related to health behavior (r=0.543). The behavioral model of Dhammanamai identified four independent variables that significantly influenced health behavior regarding Dhammanamai; health literacy (p-value < 0.001) age (p-value < 0.01) disease condition (p-value < 0.05) and sex (p-value < 0.05). These affecting factors were taken to construct the health behavior regarding Dhammanamai and could predict model at 33.7%. The health behavior regarding Dhammanamai model is equal to constant (19.20) + HLD (0.417) + AGE (0.124) – DISEASE CONDITION (1.604) + SEX (1.774). The recommendation should be taken to establish a health literacy program regarding Dhammanamai among Village Health Volunteers in the same area study.

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How to Cite
Mueangchang W, Jantarach N, Srisookkum T. Health literacy and behavioral model of Dhammanamai among village health volunteers in the Northern Thailand: 10.55131/jphd/2022/200309. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 9 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];20(3):108-20. Available from:
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Wirinya Mueangchang, Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand

Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand

Nattanida Jantarach, Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand

Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand

Taweewun Srisookkum, Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand

Faculty of Public Health, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand


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