Prevalence and risk factors of nosocomial infections in different wards and seasons in two hospitals in northeastern Iran 10.55131/jphd/2022/200113

Main Article Content

Nayyereh Kasiri
Somaye Barzanouni
Seyedeh Nahid Seyedhasani
Hossein Bakhtiari-Dovvombaygi
Tahere Sarboozi-hoseinabadi
Hamideh Yaghoobi
Mohammad Reza Etesamirad
Elham Safaeiyan
Omid Azizi
Mohammad Sarmadi

Abstract

The prevalence of nosocomial infections (NIs) is a significant health issue in developing countries, and the increased incidence rate of these infections results in longer hospital stays, more mental pressures, increased treatment costs, and higher antibiotic resistance. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NIs in two hospitals from 2011-2018. In total, 1123 patients with a history of NIs, as reported in the NIs surveillance systems of the hospitals, were included in the study. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS version 16 using Chi-square tests to evaluate the relationship between hospital wards, age, and gender. The prevalence of NIs was higher in the training hospital than in the social security hospital. Also, the prevalence of NIs decreased from 2011-2017 but has increased since 2018. The highest prevalence of NIs was related to E. coli (9.35%), with gram-negative bacteria having the highest frequency (36.2%). In addition, the most common location of NIs was the ICU (23.95%). In terms of the site of infection, postoperative infections had the highest prevalence (38.91%). The results were indicative of a significant relationship between mean age and various hospital wards. In addition, there was a significant relationship between the hospitalisation ward and gender. Meanwhile, no significant association was found between age and hospitalisation ward (P<0.05). There is a need for periodic training for all hospital-based agents to reduce NIs, especially in wards where invasive measures are used for treatment.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Kasiri N, Barzanouni S, Nahid Seyedhasani S, Bakhtiari-Dovvombaygi H, Sarboozi-hoseinabadi T, Yaghoobi H, Reza Etesamirad M, Safaeiyan E, Azizi O, Sarmadi M. Prevalence and risk factors of nosocomial infections in different wards and seasons in two hospitals in northeastern Iran: 10.55131/jphd/2022/200113. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];20(1):163-74. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/254513
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Nayyereh Kasiri, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Somaye Barzanouni, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Seyedeh Nahid Seyedhasani, Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Health Information Technology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Hossein Bakhtiari-Dovvombaygi, Student Research Committee, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Student Research Committee, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Tahere Sarboozi-hoseinabadi, Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Hamideh Yaghoobi, Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Mohammad Reza Etesamirad , Vice Chancellery of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Vice Chancellery of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Elham Safaeiyan , Vice Chancellery of Treatment, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Vice Chancellery of Treatment, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Omid Azizi , Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Mohammad Sarmadi, Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

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