Knowledge and perception of diabetes mellitus among civil servants in Oyo state, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Oluwatosin T. Ola
Akintayo O. Ogunwale
David B. Olawade

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a public health problem worldwide. This study was designed to investigate the knowledge and perception of DM among civil servants at the Oyo State Government Secretariat, Ibadan, Nigeria. A cross-sectional design was adopted and a multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 446 civil servants from 10 randomly selected parastatals at the Government Secretariat. A semi-structured questionnaire which included a 30-point DM knowledge scale and a 16-point DM perception scale was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, T-test and ANOVA at p < 0.05. Respondents’ ages ranged from 26 - 59 years with a mean of 41.1 ± 8.3 years. Mean knowledge score of respondents was 15.7 ± 5.3. Many participants (44.8%) had fair knowledge. Respondents’ mean perception score was 10.9±9.0, with 22.2% having a risky perception of diabetes. Many (63.7%) participants perceived the disease to be a serious health problem. Respondents aged <30 years were significantly more knowledgeable about diabetes (P=0.001, X2= 23.034) than others. Only age, marital status and ethnic group were demonstrated to have an association with overall knowledge (P<0.05), while age and ethnic group were associated with overall perception (P<0.05). A great proportion of participants had fair knowledge of DM, implying gaps in knowledge of the disease. In addition, risky perceptions relating to DM exist among them. Workplace educational interventions as well as advocacy are recommended to address these concerns.

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Original Articles
Author Biographies

Oluwatosin T. Ola, Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Akintayo O. Ogunwale, Department of General studies, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Nigeria

Department of General studies, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Nigeria

David B. Olawade, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

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