The relationships between body image, hope, and successful aging of elders: a moderated mediation model of appearance management behavior

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Yeoun Kyoung Hwang
Chang Seek Lee


The purpose of this study was to verify the moderated mediating model of management of appearance in the association between body image, hope, and successful aging of the elderly. For the analysis, using SPSS WIn.25.0 and PROCESS macro 3.5, we carried out descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and moderated mediation model analysis. The research results were as follows. First, Pearson correlation analysis showed statistically significant correlations between body image, hope, appearance management behavior, and successful aging. Second, hope had mediated in the link between body image and successful aging. Third, the relationship between body image and hope was moderated by management of appearance. Fourth, the association between hope and successful aging was moderated by management of appearance. Fifth, in the influence of body image on successful aging via hope, the moderated mediating effect of management of appearance was verified. This result will be used as a new model to promote successful aging of the elderly.


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Author Biographies

Yeoun Kyoung Hwang, Multicultural Education and Welfare Institute, Hanseo University, Korea

Multicultural Education and Welfare Institute, Hanseo University, Korea

Chang Seek Lee, Department of Health, Counseling and Welfare, Hanseo University, Korea

Department of Health, Counseling and Welfare, Hanseo University, Korea


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