Factors influencing the quality of life among sub-urban older adults in southern part of Thailand

Main Article Content

Wipawee Jingjit
Narucha Komolsuradej
Kittisak Chumalee

Abstract

Society around the world is ageing. With the increasing number of elderly people, emphasis on their quality of life cannot be overlooked. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to determine factors influencing the quality of life among sub-urban older adults in the Khu Tao community of Hat Yai district, in Songkhla province. Participants comprised 324 older adults whose aged at least 60 years old. Data collection was performed from October to December 2019. Participants completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic characteristics, including the abbreviated Thai version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life measurement tool (WHOQOL-BREF-THAI), the short version Depression Screening questionnaires (2Q and 9Q), and the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living. The demographic data was analyzed to describe characteristics of the samples and multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate protective factors associated with quality of life among older adults.  The finding revealed the quality of life among participants was good for 28.4%, medium for 71.6% and none had a poor quality of life. Statistically significant factors associated with quality of life included having sufficient income (ORadj = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.18-0.87, p-value = 0.021) and participation in childcare (ORadj = 0.28, 95% CI (0.12-0.64), p-value = 0.003). If the government and community organizations create projects which help older adults earn their own income after retirement, and encourage them to participate in family activities, it could result in senior citizens having a better quality of life.

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Original Articles
Author Biographies

Wipawee Jingjit, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

Narucha Komolsuradej, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

Kittisak Chumalee, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand

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