Factors predicting preventive behaviors of type 2 pre-diabetes in Mueang District, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand

Main Article Content

Pattama Suphunnakul
Sirarak Charonesrimaung
Orapin Singhadej
Archin Songthap
Ekapop Junsukon

Abstract

This research was to examine factors predicting preventive behaviors of type 2 pre - diabetes in Mueang District, Phitsanulok Province. A total of 430 participants who has not been diagnosed with diabetes and had fasting blood sugar between 100-125 mg/dl. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to recruit participants from 24 primary care units in Mueang District, Phitsanulok Province. Data were collected using a questionnaire with an overall Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.82. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression at significant level of 0.05.


The results showed that 56.0% were females. Most of them (78.1%) were married and, 48.4% aged 60 years and over with the mean of 56.97 years and S.D. of 10.49. The majority of them (41.6%) completed secondary school level. Most of the participants (44.0%), had their body mass index (BMI) between 23.00 - 24.99 with the mean of 23.68 and S.D. of 1.47. Most of all had diabetes knowledge, overall social support, self- efficacy, and preventive behaviors at good level (44.0, 55.8, 49.8 and 65.8% respectively). The strongest predictor for preventive behaviors of Type 2 pre - diabetes was village health volunteer support (Beta = 0.253, p – value <0.001) followed by self-efficacy (Beta = 0.223, p-value <0.001) and family support (Beta = 0.202, p – value = 0.002), respectively. These factors accounted for 36.5% predicting preventive behaviours of Type 2 pre- diabetes.


In conclusion, healthcare providers should promote type 2 pre-diabetes on increasing their self-efficacy in order change behaviors for preventing the disease. Moreover, health volunteers and family members should follow up and support continuously to decrease risk of type 2 diabetes.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Suphunnakul P, Charonesrimaung S, Singhadej O, Songthap A, Junsukon E. Factors predicting preventive behaviors of type 2 pre-diabetes in Mueang District, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. J Public Hlth Dev [Internet]. 2018 Dec. 18 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];16(3):55-66. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AIHD-MU/article/view/158437
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Pattama Suphunnakul, Faculty of Public Health, Narasuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

Faculty of public health

Sirarak Charonesrimaung, Boromarajonani College of Nursing Buddhachinaraj, Phitsanulok, Thailand

M.N.S., Boromarajonani College of Nursing Buddhachinaraj, Phitsanulok Province

Orapin Singhadej, College of Health System Management, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

Dr.P.H., College of Health System Management, Naresuan University

Archin Songthap, Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

Ph.D., Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University

Ekapop Junsukon, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

M.P.H., Faculty of Science and Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University