Steps and Challenges of Problem-Based Learning


  • Boonthan Kingsaiyhod Borommarajonani College of Nursing Sawanpracharak, Nakhonsawan


Problem Based Learning, 21st Century skills, Student centered, Self- directed learning


Problem-Based Learning (PBL) was designed to reduce the hours of conventional lectures in McMaster university, Canada. It is not only providing a lively learning process, but also student-centered approach. Therefore, PBL is considered a tool for the 21st Century skill development (Suwastini et. al., 2021). PBL is not only enabling students to gain their knowledge through self- direct learning, but also other necessary skills, such as, cooperative learning, critical thinking and problem-solving skills (Hung, Jonassen & Liu, 2008). This article aims to elaborate on the seven steps of PBL, roles of teacher and learners in the PBL process, its challenges and how to overcome obstacles for each step of PBL. Furthermore, the PBL implication is also presented in this article.


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