Implication of Behavioural Change Theories in Occupational Health and Safety : A Systematic Review
Keywords:Behavioural Change Theories, Occupational Health and Safety
Background: Occupational health behaviour is a critical factor that influences work-related health problems and injuries. Thus, it is increasingly important that health providers incorporate understanding of the complexity of behaviour change into programmes designed to encourage and promote healthy behaviour among workers. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to explore the uses of behavioural change theories in relevant studies regarding occupational health and safety and suggests applications to facilitate altering problem behaviours. Method: A search strategy was utilised the PICO model together with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Results: After the screening process based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, finally,18 studies were selected as the study selection. The theory of reasoned action (TRA) is commonly applied in occupational health research to investigate, explain, or predict individual intentions toward safety behaviours in a variety of different workplaces, while the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) was applied to investigate, explain, or predict individual intentions as well as perception of behavioural control toward occupational safety and health or to alter and improve different health behaviours in various kinds of workers. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is especially useful in developing programme or intervention. And finally, the health belief model (HBM) is useful for exploring perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers and self-efficacy, including cues to action towards self-protective behaviour. Conclusions: Health providers could apply these behavioural models in assisting employees to increase health promoting behaviours and, at the same time, conduct preventive interventions to minimise occupational injuries as well as work-related health problems.
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