Assessment of Households' Practices towards Management of Solid Waste
Keywords:Assessment, households , practices, management, solid waste
Solid waste is the organic and inorganic waste materials such as product packaging, furniture, clothing, bottles, kitchen refuse, paper, paint cans, batteries, etc. Management of solid waste; is the process of collection, treatment and recycling of solid waste in a sustainable manner to avoid the adverse effect on the environment. In Sudan waste management is poor and solid wastes are dumped along roadsides and into open areas, endangering health and attracting vermin. This descriptive cross-sectional community-based study with the aim to assess the practices of the households towards the management of house refuse was conducted in Al-Ozozab, Khartoum, 2019. Four hundred households were selected by multi stage sampling techniques from the community and data was collected by questionnaire and observation checklist. Most types (83.3%) of containers used for waste store were plastic bags. All (100%) of the respondents cover the waste container. Almost all the respondents wash their hands with water and soaps after cleaning. 50.7% of respondents hear about hazardous domestic waste from TV and (19.3%) from radio. More than half (53.3%) of the houses` level of cleanness was very good. Some factors are influncing solid waste practices such as solid waste practices improve significantly with the increase of the age of the households, with married women, with high level of education high monthly income. .It can be concluded that although, (97%) of the waste was transported with governmental body and disposed appropriately at communal sites, the rest of the households members throw waste in any available space including front of houses and in streets.
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