The Effectiveness of Family-Based Intervention for Improving Glycemic Control in Patient with Diabetes Melitus Type 2


  • Ni Kadek Diah Purnamayanti Departmentt of Medical Surgical Nursing, STIKES Buleleng, Indonesia
  • Gede Budi Widiarta Department of Pediatric Nursing, STIKES Buleleng, Indonesia
  • I Dewa Ayu Rismayanti Doctorate degree in Nursing Student, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
  • Pisit Poltana BoromarajonaniCollege of Nursing Suphanbhuri, Thailand
  • I Made Sundayana Director of Health Education, STIKES Buleleng, Indonesia


diabetes, family-based intervention, glycemic control


Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease that requires sustain support to maintain specific self-care. Support from family becomes the most essential part due to their role as an informal caregiver. This study aimed to determine the effective method of family-based intervention improving glycemic control among  DM type II patient. This systematic review based on 4 search engines ( Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, and Proquest) included a clinical trial in recent 5 years, published in English, and free full-text access. Keywords used in this study were a family-based intervention in diabetes. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for eligibility and determined study quality by Jadad score as critical appraisal tools to describe rigour of the RCT method. Quasi-experiment and single-arm prospective study were excluded. As a result, there were 4 final articles discovered.  Model of intervention s was more likely similar with variance in follow up time and intensity of education class. This evidence proved significant improvement of glycemic control measured by HbA1C. Diabetes self-management education empowers the family member to provide better assistance in diabetes care.


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