Practice in Oral Health Care and Dental Caries Prevalence among the Village Health Volunteers in Warin Chamrap District, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand


  • Panawat Kingmala
  • Chalinee Phasunon
  • Thanatta Kaewkanya
  • Watcharapong Benmat
  • Ampika Phoban
  • Kaewjai Maleelai Sirindhorn College of Public Health Ubon Ratchathani
  • Wanpen Somhom


Practice in oral healthcare, dental caries, village health volunteers


Improving dental health care is an important priority for Thailand. According to the 8th oral health survey in 2017 by Thai Bureau of Dental Health, the prevalence of dental caries was 91.8 % in a nationwide study of people 35-44 years old. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled tooth (dmft) was 6.6.  Primary healthcare is a public health service that provides services at the subdistrict and village. Promoting oral and dental health is important to prevent dental caries, reduce the cost of treatment, and prevent loss of permanent teeth. The Village Health Volunteers (VHVs) play an important role in primary dental health care by leading changes in health behavior and by integrating public health work with local government organizations. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to study oral health care practices and the prevalence of dental caries among the village health volunteers in Warin Chamrap district, Ubon Ratchathani province. 155 VHVs were recruited in the Warin Chamrap district, Ubon Ratchathani province using a random sampling method. Data were collected by the questionnaires and dental health status examinations form. The results showed that 69.68% of VHVs practiced oral health care at a moderate level (xˉ=2.99, S.D.=0.35). VHVs had an 80% prevalence of dental caries. The average number of dmft was 7.98, which is slightly higher than the Thai national average. The results of this study may be used for dental service planning and dental health promotion, and to encourage VHVs to be good models of oral health care.


Bureau of Dental Health, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health. The 8th Thai Oral

Health Survey Year 2017. Nonthaburi: Sam Charoenpan (Bangkok) Co., Ltd. 2018.

Department of Local Administration, Ministry of Interior. “Basic Health Care Standard Guide”.

The Printing House of the Agricultural Cooperative of Thailand Ltd., Lat Yao Subdistrict, Chatuchak District, Bangkok.154 p. 2017.

Sararak M. “Construction of Public Utilities In The Village Health Volunteers (VHV)”. J. of

Academic Affairs. 2010; (2): 39 - 47, 2010.

Manasanan C., Somdej P., (2014). “ Knowledge, Attitude And Behavior In Prevention Caries Of

Health Volunteers in Muang District, Nong Bua Lamphu Province”. J of Comm Health Develop Khon Kaen Univ. 2014; 3(3): 360-361.

Chuenpalat A., Promsiripaiboon Y., Kaewpan W.“The effects of dental health education program

by applying the protection motivation theory and social support on behaviour modification for dental caries prevention among village health volunteers”, J Dept of Med Serv.2017; 42 (4): 99-108

Srisombat S. The effect of the dental health education program to solve dental health problems

in the community among the village health volunteers in Pho Yai Subdistrict, Warin Chamrap District, Ubon Ratchathani Province. [Thesis]. Mahasarakham: MahasarakhamUniversity. 2016.






Research Articles