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Background: Nowadays, the situation of blindness and low vision in the population are more likely. The causes of blindness and visual impairment can be avoided. Therefore, studying the causes are regarded as important
Objective: To study the cause of blindness and visual impairment among children in the
Bangkok school of the blind, to follow up and analyze from the past to the present.
Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study by collecting data in children in the Bangkok school of the blind. Collecting demographic date, reviewing children’s health records, interviewing parents and children and eye examination, to find out the cause of blindness and visual impairment.
Result: There were 71 people, 42 boys (59.2%) and 29 girls (40.8%), age between 8-20 years old (average 12.3 years old). This study classified people into 4 groups based on visual acuity (VA) (WHO classification of blindness). The largest groups is VA <4/60 66 people (93.0%). The most common of leading causes is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) 21 people (29.6%) and then congenital eye anomaly 15 people (22.1%) which is likely the same as previous studies,1997, 2006.
Conclusion: The most common of cause of blindness and visual impairment among children in the Bangkok school of the blind in 2016 is ROP which is remaining a problem from the past to the present. Preventing prematurity, comprehensive screening and providing appropriate treatment still are essential.
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