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Purpose: The purpose of this research was to study personal factors, evaluate and compare the relationships between personal factors, knowledge, attitude and self-care behaviors of cataract patients in out-patient ophthalmology clinic at Thammasat University Hospital in Thailand.
Method: Survey-based observational study. Data was collected from the out-patient ophthalmology clinic at Thammasat University Hospital in 2015. One hundred and fifteen cataract patients participated in this study and were asked to complete the following questionnaires 1) a sociodemographic self-report; 2) a questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and self-care behaviors of cataract patients. The content validity index and the reliability coefficient of these questionnaires were acceptable. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient.
Results: 1) Most participants had knowledge points at low level ( = 11.88, SD = 5.602) and self-care behaviors points at lowest level ( = 14.42, SD = 6.912). But 100 percent of the participants had attitude points at high level ( = 17.2, SD = 1.506). 2) There was a significant relationship between personal factors, in terms of the age and knowledge, attitude and self-care behaviors of cataract patients. But there was not a significantl relationship between personal factors, in terms of gender, occupation, cataract patients and their family income per month, and duration of disease with cataract and knowledge, attitude and self-care behaviors of cataract patients, at the .05 level. 3) There was significant relationship between knowledge and attitude. But there was no significant relationship between knowledge and self-care behaviors. Lastly, there was no significant relationship between attitude and self-care behaviors, at the .05 level.
Conclusion: The result of this study offers basic information on caring for cataract patients to increase knowledge about cataract and how to take care of themselves at home. Also, these findings could be a foundation for developing a nursing care plan to enhance the knowledge management process for self-care for patients. And nursing planning improves the correct self-care behaviors of cataract patients. In addition, the research data can be used for further research.
Conflict of interest: the authors declare no conflict of interest.
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