Effects of Curriculum for Enhancing the Elderly Competencies in Health Promotion and Prevention of Complications fromNon-communicable Diseases on the Elderly's Functional Fitness and Quality of Lifeat Had Chao Samran Elderly School, Muang, Phetchaburi
Keywords:Curriculum development, Elderly competencies, Chronic non-communicable diseases, Quality of life, Elderly school
This quasi-experimental research aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the curriculum for enhancing the elderly competencies in health promotion and prevention of complications from chronic non-communicable diseaseson functional fitness and quality of life of the elderly at Had Chao Samran elderly school, Muang, Phetchaburi.Participants consisted of 40 older adults who were the 2nd group of elderly students and voluntary to participate in the curriculum activities for 90 hours. Data were collected at baseline and at the end of experiment using a Senior Fitness Test (SFT) battery, and a Thai version of the brief form of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF-THAI) instrument. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired samples t-test. Results revealedthat mean scores of the SFT assessments, including blood pressure, waist circumference, upper-and lower-body strength, upper- and lower-body flexibility, balance and agility, and aerobic endurance at the end of the experiment significantly improved compared to those at baseline (p < .05). In terms of quality of life, mean scores of the WHOQOL-BREF-THAI instrument at the end of the trial were significantly higher than those at baseline on overall score and all four components of quality of life (p < .05). The resultsindicated that older adults were able to make significant improvements in their functional fitness and quality of life by engaging in the elderly school. Therefore,this curriculumshould be implemented in other elderly schools and applied appropriately to its context.
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