The Management for surveillance, prevention and control of COVID-19 a case study of a state quarantine in Samut Prakan Province
Keywords:The Management for COVID-19, State Quarantine, Samut Prakan Province
The outbreak of COVID-19 has resulted in the Thai government declaring a national state of emergency. All Thai nationals returning from abroad are required to quarantine in the State Quarantine (SQ) for 14 days according to the guidelines set by the state. The objectives of this descriptive research were to study the management of surveillance, prevention and control of COVID-19. A case study of a SQ in Samut Prakan Province. The quantitative data were collectred from registered records of 1,658 persons staying in SQ during during 3rd May 2020 to 30th September 2020 and satisfaction assessment on September 2020. Qualitative data were collected via in-depth interview from the incident commander and small group discussion with 2-3 supervisors and operators persons, and 4 health workers in each group, total of 16 persons. The quantitative data were analyzed by percentage, while qualitative data using the data triangular and content data analysis. The results demonstated 1) the SQ consists of 5 divisions as follows: administration, prevention and control, medical care, security, and general affairs, 2) the hotel staffs were trained in disease prevention and control while health officers from DDC will be the main in giving advice and supervise in compliance with the surveillance measures, 3) there were preparations for places, materials, and personal protective equipment for both of staff and quarantined person. The results of surveillance showed 24 infected cases (1.4%), of these 19 cases came from Kuwait. 83.8% of quarantined person reported the highest level of satisfaction. The key success factor lies in having a clear SQ management structure, the staffs have a strong performance, there were an exchange of knowledge between each other, information was communicated to person staying continuously with a variety of formats and flexibility in standard supervision and management. However, there should be screening for those with underlying illnesses before checking into SQ, including monitoring surveillance among SQ officers.
World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Aug 30]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news/ item/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regula¬tions-(2005)-emergency-committee-regard¬ing-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus- (2019-ncov)
World Health Organization. WHO Director- General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020. [cited 2020 Jun 15]. Available from: https://www.who.int/ dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
Department of Disease Control (TH). Situations of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 19]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/viralpneumonia/situa¬tion.php (in Thai)
Emergency Operation Center. Department of Disease Control (TH). Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Aug 30]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/ viralpneumonia/eng/situation.php (in Thai).
Department of Disease Control (TH). Announcements of Ministry of Public Health. Announcements for Name and Important Symtoms of Dangerous Communicable Diseases (Volume 3) 2020. [Internet]. [cited 2020 Aug 10]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/ uploads/files/9520200229072509.PDF (in Thai).
Royal Thai Government. Announcements and Orders. Establishment of the Coronavirus Dis¬ease Situation Management Center (COVID-19) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Aug 30]. Available from: https://www.thaigov.go.th/news/contents/de-tails/27963
Nussbaumer-Streit B, Mayr V, Dobrescu AI, Chapman A, Persad E, Klerings I, et al. Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020. [Internet]. [cited 2020 Dec 20]. Available from: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/ doi/10.1002/14651858.CD013574.pub2/1178
Hou C, Chen J, Zhou Y, Hua L, Yuan J, He S, et al. The effectiveness of quarantine of Wuhan city against the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A well-mixed SEIR model anal¬ysis. J Med Virol. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 10]; 92: 841-8. Available from: https:// onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ jmv.25827
Ndejjo R, Naggayi G, Tibiita R, Mugahi R and Simon P. S. Kibira. Experiences of persons in COVID-19 institutional quarantine in Uganda: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Mar 18]; 21: 482-91. Available from: Experiences of persons in COVID-19 institutional quarantine in Uganda: a qualitative study | BMC Public Health | Full Text (biomedcentral.com)
Department of Disease Control (TH). Public Health Emergency Management, Incidence Command System and Emergency Operations Center, Department of Disease Control. [Inter¬net]. [cited 2021 May 30]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/uploads/ckeditor/02e¬74f10e0327ad868d138f2b4fdd6f0/files/ ics2_12.pdf (in Thai).
Seale H, Dyer CE, Abdi I, Rahman KM, Sun Y, Qureshi MO, et al. Improving the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions during COVID-19: examining the factors that influence engagement and the impact on individuals. BMC Infect Dis. [Internet]. 2020[cited 2021 Jun 10]; 20:1-13. Available from: https://bmcinfectdis.biomed¬central.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12879- 020-05340-9.pdf
Rubin GJ, Brewin CR, Greenberg N, Simpson J, Wessely S. Psychological and behavioural reac¬tions to the bombings in London on 7 July 2005: cross sectional survey of a representative sample of Londoners. BMJ [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2021
Jun 10];331: 1-7. Available from: https:// www.bmj.com/content/331/7517/606
Poonsawat N, Praphasiri P, Sontisirikit S, Daengsawat N, Anuntawong N, Koetsap N, et al.
Opinion of the traveler from overseas toward State Quarantine service of Urban Institute for Disease Prevention and Control on preventing the spread of the Coronavirus 2019 infection, Insti¬tute for Urban Disease Control and Prevention Journal. 2020;5(1):1-15. (in Thai)
Department of Disease Control (TH). Guidelines for Quarantine Facilities Management Version 3.0. Bangkok: The Printing Service of The War Veterans Organization of Thailand ; 2020 (in Thai)
Johns Hopkins University. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University [Internet]. [cited 2020 Aug 30]. Available from: https://github.com/CSSEGIS andData/COVID-19
Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, Wang X, Zhou L, Tong Y, Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Apr. 18];382:1199-207. Available from: https:// www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nej¬moa2001316
How to Cite
Articles published in the Disease Control Journal are considered as academic work, research or analysis of the personal opinion of the authors, not the opinion of the Thailand Department of Disease Control or editorial team. The authors must be responsible for their articles.