Basic occupational health services for migrant employees among enterprises in Samut Prakan Province and Samut Sakhon Province
Keywords:Occupational health services, Migrant employee, Enterprise
A cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to explore the basic occupational health services (BOHS) delivery for migrant employees among enterprises in Samut Prakan and Samut Sakhon provinces. Data were collected from safety officers or other personal who worked with migrant employees in 48 enterprises using the structured questionnaire. Additionally, 52 migrant employees were selected and their data were collected by face-to-face interview. Data were analyzed using number and percentage. Results showed that pre-placement health examination, general health examination, periodic health examination and return to work (RTW) health examination were provided in 77.1%, 97.9%, 93.8% and 56.2% of enterprises, respectively. Personnel protective equipment were provided in all enterprises (100%). Hazards in working environment were measured and sound levels were often conducted (97.9%). Most of them (81.2%) also provided 2-3 languages OH and safety media. The interpreters were employed (66.7%) and only 20.8% of them had migrant health volunteers. OH policies were perceived by most migrant employees (94.2%). Among them, 70% were trained majoring in the safety topics. Pre-placement health examination (75%) and periodic health examination (92.2%) were accessed by such employees. In conclusions, establishment of enterprise-level OHS was quite coverage for activities which authorized by law but specific OHS activities for migrant employees still had some limitations. Thus, this study recommended that the enterprises should 1) add training topics including occupational diseases, communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases 2) establish and train migrant OH volunteers 3) increase RTW health examination and 4) employ more interpreters to reduce language barrier.
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