Assessment of antibacterial and immunostimulating activity of black cumin (Nigella sativa) extract against vibriosis in white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

  • Indriyani Nur
  • Linianti
  • Waode Munaeni
  • La Ode Baytul Abidin
  • Maulidiyah
Keywords: Black cumin, Vibrio harveyi, antibacterial, immunostimulant, survival

Abstract

It is assumed that the active components of Black cumin seed (Nigella sativa) contain beneficial effects on shrimp
health as in humans. Therefore, this study aims to explore the antibacterial and immunostimulant potential of black
cumin extract for disease control across V. harveyi. Treatments applied include the administration of ethanol extract
mixed into shrimp feed at varying dosages (2500, 5000, 7500 ppm), hereinafter referred to as treatments A, B, C,
respectively. All shrimps were exposed to pathogen V. harveyi at a density of 106 CFU ml-1 after 14 days of testing
duration excluding the negative control group. The immune responses of the shrimps were recognized as Average
Total Haemocyte Count (THC) and Differential Haemocyte Count (DHC). In addition, the vibrio challenge test was
applied to assess the resistance of shrimp and the population of bacteria and Relative Percent Survival (RPS) were
consequently determined. The results indicated that the highest THC, the best proportion in both granula cells and
hyalin cells, and the highest RPS (68%) was found in the treatment of 7500 ppm compared to other treatments at all
sampling times. Also, it was able to suppres the proliferation of V. harveyi bacteria more prominently in the shrimp gut.
Extract addition in the diet can control vibriosis especially at a dose of 7500 ppm, indicated by a decrease in the bacterial
population and a better immune response. Therefore, extract of black cumin seeds has antibacterial as well as
immunostimulant activity.

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Published
2020-11-09
How to Cite
Nur, I., Linianti, Munaeni, W., Abidin, L. O. B., & Maulidiyah. (2020). Assessment of antibacterial and immunostimulating activity of black cumin (Nigella sativa) extract against vibriosis in white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). he hai ournal of eterinary edicine, 50(4), 549-557. etrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/246367
Section
Original Articles