Biosecurity practices in commercial and house hold poultry farms in the Delta region, Egypt: I- Correlation between level of biosecurity and prevalence of poultry mites

  • Fatma Abouelenien
  • Maha Eleisway
  • Ismail Elshahawy
  • Samy Almidany
  • Nagham Elsaidy
Keywords: Biosecurity practices, Poultry farms, Egypt, Ornithonyssus bursa, Prevalence

Abstract

The risk of parasitic disease outbreaks among commercial poultry farms can result in significant economic loss for
the farmer and the integration. These diseases can be reduced by the proper application of biosecurity measures. This
study primarily aimed at assessing the current biosecurity practices applied in different kinds of poultry farm (broiler,
layer, duck and mixed farms) in Kafrelshiekh Governorate (Delta region), Egypt. Correlating the compliance of the
studied biosecurity measures with the prevalence of poultry mites in the surveyed farms was the second aim. For
achieving these aims, on-farm questionnaire surveys and observational studies were conducted from January 2017 to
August 2018 in 74 poultry farms (46 broiler chicken ,8 layer ,6 duck and 14 mixed) from both farm systems: commercial
farm based (CFB) (representing 56.7%) and house hold based (HHB) (43.24 %). A total of 148 samples (74 litter and 74
dust samples) were taken for mite isolation. The results showed that Commercial based (CFB) broiler farms have a
higher level of biosecurity than house hold based (HHB) farms and the only biosecurity program clearly known to most
farm owners is cleaning and disinfection. Ornithonyssus bursa, known as the “tropical fowl mite” was isolated from
both farm types with a higher prevalence in HHB farms (75%), and there was a positive correlation between bad
hygiene and the prevalence of mites in the surveyed farms. The current survey results can give stake holders and policy
makers an idea about the current situation of the level of biosecurity application in both HHB and CFB farms in the
studied area.

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Published
2020-09-15
How to Cite
Abouelenien, F., Eleisway, M., Elshahawy, I., Almidany, S., & Elsaidy, N. (2020). Biosecurity practices in commercial and house hold poultry farms in the Delta region, Egypt: I- Correlation between level of biosecurity and prevalence of poultry mites. he hai ournal of eterinary edicine, 50(3), 315-328. etrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/245840
Section
Original Articles