Virulence properties and pathogenicity of Flavobacterium columnare in hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.)

  • Le Dinh Hai
  • Putita Chockmangmeepisan
  • Rungnapa Sakulworakan
  • Ha Thanh Dong
  • Pattanapon Kayansamruaj
  • Tiladit Rung-ruangkijkrai
  • Nopadon Pirarat
  • Channarong Rodkhum
Keywords: Flavobacterium columnare, pathogenicity, hybrid red tilapia, virulence properties

Abstract

Flavobacterium columnare is the causative organism of columnaris disease in freshwater fish, which may exhibit
differences in pathogenicity. The virulence properties and the pathogenicity of F. columnare in juvenile hybrid red
tilapia were investigated using a collection of F. columnare isolates recovered from diseased fish. Ten isolates were
selected to perform immersion challenge assay in juvenile tilapia. The pathogenicity was highly diverse. Subsequently,
three bacterial isolates exhibited different pathogenicity levels, consisting of high, moderate and low virulence (100%,
80% and 0% mortality respectively) and were subjected to virulence properties evaluation e.g. the median lethal dose
(LD50), bacterial adhesion, capsular production and biofilm formation. Interestingly, the adhesion ability to the gill
surface, biofilm formation and the production of capsular polysaccharide are significantly associated with the highly
pathogenic traits of F. columnare. These findings suggest that efficient columnaris disease control in farmed fish should
target these pivotal virulence properties.

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Published
2020-06-12
How to Cite
Hai, L. D., Chockmangmeepisan, P., Sakulworakan, R., Dong, H. T., Kayansamruaj, P., Rung-ruangkijkrai, T., Pirarat, N., & Rodkhum, C. (2020). Virulence properties and pathogenicity of Flavobacterium columnare in hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). he hai ournal of eterinary edicine, 50(1), 103-108. etrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/243263
Section
Original Articles