Efficiency of clove essential oil against planktonic cells and biofilms of Malassezia pachydermatis isolated from canine dermatitis

  • Jareerat Aiemsaard
  • Chuchat Kamollerd
  • Suwit Uopasai
  • Ranee Singh
  • Eakachai Thongkham
Keywords: biofilm, essential oil, eugenol, Malassezia pachydermatis

Abstract

This study investigated the ability of clove oil and eugenol to inhibit biofilm production and eradicate canine
Malassezia pachydermatis in biofilm form. Biofilm formation was studied using a crystal violet assay and was quantified
by optical density (OD) at 595 nm. Killing time was assessed by time-kill assay. All 17 isolates of canine M. pachydermatis
were capable of biofilm formation, however, 6 isolates formed more extensive biofilms than the other isolates and were
selected for susceptibility testing. Clove essential oil and eugenol showed effectiveness against both planktonic and
biofilm cells with identical minimum planktonic inhibitory concentration (MPIC50) and minimum planktonic fungicidal
concentration (MPFC50), 0.156 and 0.312 mg/ml, respectively. The minimum biofilm inhibitory concentration (MBIC50)
and the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC50) were 0.312 and 0.625 mg/ml, respectively. These studies
indicate that biofilms of M. pachydermatis are more resistant to clove essential oil and eugenol. In addition, eugenol is
the component of clove essential oil responsible for its antifungal activity. The results of the time-kill study showed
that the antimicrobial activity of clove essential oil was time and concentration-dependent.

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Published
2020-04-23
How to Cite
Aiemsaard, J., Kamollerd, C., Uopasai, S., Singh, R., & Thongkham, E. (2020). Efficiency of clove essential oil against planktonic cells and biofilms of Malassezia pachydermatis isolated from canine dermatitis. he hai ournal of eterinary edicine, 49(4), 415-420. etrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/241553
Section
Original Articles