Detection of rabies virus specific antibody in stray dogs in Palestine


  • Adnan Fayyad
  • Nasr Jalboush
  • Ibrahim Alzuheir
  • Belal Abu Helal
  • Mohammad Manasrah


Antirabies antibody, ELISA, Rabies, Stray dogs


Stray dogs are considered as a major public health risk in rabies-endemic countries such as Palestine. The objective
of the present study was to assess the presence of antibody against rabies in stray dogs in order to estimate the immune
status of stray dogs for the purpose of risk management. The present study reports the first investigation for the
detection of specific antibodies to rabies virus (RABV) in the serum of stray dogs in Palestine. The serum samples were
collected randomly from 92 stray dogs from different seven Palestinian districts and were tested for the presence of
antirabies antibodies by ELISA. Only 11.95% of stray dogs (n=11) had protective immune status against rabies with
antirabies antibody titer (>0.5 IU) according to World Health Organization criteria. This result suggest that there is a
high potential for reintroduction of canine rabies into stray dogs, leading to rabies transmission to human. Therefore,
a new strategy to enable a broader vaccination coverage in stray dogs in conjunction with control breeding of these
dogs must be launched to reduce the risk for transmitting rabies to human.




How to Cite

Fayyad, A., Jalboush, N., Alzuheir, I., Abu Helal, B., & Manasrah, M. (2019). Detection of rabies virus specific antibody in stray dogs in Palestine. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 49(3), 289–293. Retrieved from



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