Emergence of a classical variant of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus novel to Thailand responsible for the milder clinical disease in a herd previously infected with a pandemic variant

Authors

  • Gun Temeeyasen
  • Anchalee Srijangwad
  • Thitima Tripipat
  • Angkana Tantituvanont
  • Dachrit Nilubol

Keywords:

Emergence, Novel, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, Spike gene, Thailand

Abstract

In 2014, porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) outbreaks characterized by mild clinical disease and low preweaning mortality increased in frequency in Thailand. An outbreak investigation, based on the detection of the classical
variant and the allowance of the herd owners, was conducted in 5 swine herds and 25 intestinal samples were submitted
from herds with outbreaks of diarrhea for sequencing analysis. PEDV isolation and complete nucleotide sequences of
the spike (S) glycoprotein were determined. The PEDV isolate EAS1 was identified. Phylogenetic analysis based on the
full-length spike gene demonstrated that EAS1 belonged to the classical variant group with high nucleotide and amino
acid identity (98.4-99.0% and 96.6-97.9%) with LZC and SM98, which are the Chinese and Korean classical variant
PEDVs, respectively. The results suggest the emergence of a classical variant PEDV responsible for the mild clinical
disease in Thailand. The introduction could have been due to the use of illegally imported modified live vaccines from
other countries.

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Published

2019-03-25

How to Cite

Temeeyasen, G., Srijangwad, A., Tripipat, T., Tantituvanont, A., & Nilubol, D. (2019). Emergence of a classical variant of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus novel to Thailand responsible for the milder clinical disease in a herd previously infected with a pandemic variant. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 48(4), 663–669. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/179866

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Section

Original Articles