Computed tomographic contrast enhancement and tumor angiogenesis in canine oral tumors


  • Urapa Klansnoh
  • Wijit Banlunara
  • Nan Choisunirachon


angiogenesis, computed tomography, dog, oral, tumor


The potential value of bolus tracking contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of oral
tumors in dogs was investigated by examining the relationship between contrast-enhanced CT image density and
microvascularization. Among 20 dogs with oral tumors, aged 8 – 17 years, weight 3.6 – 40.0 kg, 13 dogs were suffering
with melanoma (MM), 4 with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and 3 with fibrosarcoma. Based on contrast-enhanced
CT scan, the time lag from the injection of contrast medium into the right cephalic vein until the contrast medium
returned to the mid-cervical external jugular vein at the level of the 4th cervical vertebrae significantly correlated with
body weight (p < 0.01). The mean of post-contrast-enhancement increase in intra-tumor image density, measured in
Hounsfield Units (HU), was 127.09 ± 38.58%, with the highest values detected in SCC (166.88 ± 23.47%, p < 0.05),
followed by MM (122.78 ± 37.90%) and fibrosarcoma (99.37 ± 31.58%). The mean of microvessel density (MVD, a
measure of vascularization determined by vWF-immunohistochemistry) of all tumors was 36.7 ± 11.7 vessels/mm2,
with the highest MVD values in SCC (47.5 ± 5.3 vessels/mm2, p < 0.05), followed by MM (35.3 ± 11.6 vessels/mm2) and
fibrosarcoma (27.2 ± 6.5 vessel/mm2). The values for MVD and intra-tumor HU in post-contrasted-enhanced CT scans
significantly correlated (p < 0.01).


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How to Cite

Klansnoh, U., Banlunara, W., & Choisunirachon, N. (2019). Computed tomographic contrast enhancement and tumor angiogenesis in canine oral tumors. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 48(4), 573–581. Retrieved from



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