Molecular characterization of common respiratory viral infections in broilers in Al-Hassa, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Ahmed M. Al-Ali
  • Ibrahim M. El-Sabagh
  • Mahmoud H. Mohamed
  • Ahmed M. Alluwaimi
  • Ibrahim A. Arif

Keywords:

H9N2AIV, IBV, NDV, phylogenetic analysis, sequencing, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Newcastle disease virus (NDV), Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) are
the most significant respiratory pathogens. Several outbreaks have been reported frequently in Saudi Arabia despite of
the intensive use of vaccination programs. Ten broiler flocks suffering from complicated respiratory disease were
subjected to necropsy and samples were collected for molecular identification of involved viruses and pathogenic
bacterial infections. Seven out of the ten flocks were positive for single or combined viral infection. The seven flocks
were positive for HA test. All positive samples were subjected for molecular identification, three flocks were positive
for single NDV while one flock was positive for both NDV and IBV. Three flocks were positive for H9N2 and IBV.
Three flocks were negative for viral infection and subjected for pathogenic bacteria detection. The sequence analysis of
F gene of NDV revealed that all isolates exhibited the cleavage site (112RRQKRF117) of virulent NDVs. The
neuraminidase-haemagglutinin gene revealed that all AI isolates belonged to H9N2 low pathogenic avian influenza
virus (LPAIV) subtype. The S1 gene of IBV showed that one isolate was closely related to the Connecticut IBV strain
while another isolate belonged to the H120 IBV strain. In conclusion, combined pathogens causing respiratory infection
in broilers is very common, which leads to the increase in disease severity and economic losses. The continuous
detection of virulent NDV as well as IBV from broiler flocks emphasize the need to review the vaccination strategies
based on further epidemiological and molecular studies.

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Published

2018-08-02

How to Cite

Al-Ali, A. M., El-Sabagh, I. M., Mohamed, M. H., Alluwaimi, A. M., & Arif, I. A. (2018). Molecular characterization of common respiratory viral infections in broilers in Al-Hassa, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 48(2), 235–245. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/137828

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Original Articles