Factors associated with hypertension among pregnant women in Dili Municipality, Timor Leste
Keywords:Hypertension, Pregnant women, Timor Leste
Purpose - Hypertension in pregnancy is one main cause of maternal morbidity among pregnant women worldwide, and it is one of significant public health concerns. This study aimed to find factors associated with hypertension among pregnant women in Dili municipality of Timor Leste.
Design/methodology/approach - A cross-sectional study was conducted among 438 pregnant women at the Five Community Health Centre in Dili municipality, Timor Leste between April and May 2018. Face to face interview was conducted. Chi-square and binary logistic regression were performed to analyze the data.
Findings - The prevalence of hypertension among pregnant women was 23.5%. Salty food intake (p=0.027), noise disturbance during daytime (p=0.027), and the distance to the main road (p=0.004) were associated with hypertension among pregnant women. In the multivariate analysis, increasing a week of pregnancy (AOR = 1.031; 95% CI: 1.004, 1.058) increased risk of developed hypertension status among pregnant women. Quite noise during daytime was a protective factor of developed hypertension status among pregnant women (AOR = 0.393; 95% CI: 0.183, 0.841).
Originality/value - Having a salty food during pregnancy may increase a risk of high blood pressure among pregnant women. Nevertheless, quiet noise during daytime is a protective factor for hypertension. Health education program to prevent high blood pressure among pregnant women should be concerned.
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