Factors affecting contraceptive utilization in Myanmar youth migrants in Samutsakhon province, Thailand
Keywords:Contraception use, Youths, Myanmar youths, Myanmar migrants, Thailand
Purpose - Youths are becoming sexually active nowadays and the rate of pre-marital sex has been increasing all around the world. Youth migrants have to face several barriers in accessing reproductive health care services when compared with older migrants. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the contraceptive utilization among Myanmar youth migrants in Samutsakhon province, Thailand.
Design/methodology/approach - A cross-sectional study was conducted among 372 Myanmar youth migrants residing in Samutsakhon province, Thailand by using convenient sampling method. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires.
Findings - Contraceptive utilization rate among Myanmar youth migrants was 59.7 %. The study found that significant factors associated with current use of contraception were education (p-value = 0.000), marital status p-value = 0.033), ever heard of contraception (p-value = 0.008), level of knowledge (p-value = 0.001), discussion with partners (p-value = 0.006), and peer pressure to use contraception (p-value = 0.001). Moreover, availability of contraceptive information (p-value = 0.037), availability of health education materials (p-value = 0.004), easy availability of contraception in need (p-value = 0.000), convenient opening hours (p-value = 0.000) and long waiting time
(p-value = 0.001) had significant associations with current use of contraception in multivariate-analysis.
Originality/value - Low level of contraceptive utilization rate means there is urgent need of health education among Myanmar youth migrants. Providing youth friendly health care services can help fulfill the needs of youth migrants who are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health risks.
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