Factors affecting contraceptive utilization in Myanmar youth migrants in Samutsakhon province, Thailand


  • Myat Thwe College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Montakarn Chuemchit College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand


Contraception use, Youths, Myanmar youths, Myanmar migrants, Thailand


Purpose - Youths are becoming sexually active nowadays and the rate of pre-marital sex has been increasing all around the world. Youth migrants have to face several barriers in accessing reproductive health care services when compared with older migrants. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the contraceptive utilization among Myanmar youth migrants in Samutsakhon province, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach - A cross-sectional study was conducted among 372 Myanmar youth migrants residing in Samutsakhon province, Thailand by using convenient sampling method. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires.

Findings - Contraceptive utilization rate among Myanmar youth migrants was 59.7 %. The study found that significant factors associated with current use of contraception were education (p-value = 0.000), marital status p-value = 0.033), ever heard of contraception (p-value = 0.008), level of knowledge (p-value = 0.001), discussion with partners (p-value = 0.006), and peer pressure to use contraception (p-value = 0.001). Moreover, availability of contraceptive information (p-value = 0.037), availability of health education materials (p-value = 0.004), easy availability of contraception in need (p-value = 0.000), convenient opening hours (p-value = 0.000) and long waiting time
(p-value = 0.001) had significant associations with current use of contraception in multivariate-analysis.

Originality/value - Low level of contraceptive utilization rate means there is urgent need of health education among Myanmar youth migrants.  Providing youth friendly health care services can help fulfill the needs of youth migrants who are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health risks.


Download data is not yet available.


1. United Nations [UN]. World population monitoring: Adolescent and youth. New York: UN; 2012.

2. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Sexual and reproductive health of unmarried young people in Asia and Pacific. UNFPA; 2012.

3. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Universal assess to reproductive health. New York: UNFPA; 2016.

4. Ministry of Health and Sports [MoSH], The DHS Program, ICF. Myanmar demographic and health survey 2015-16. Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar: Myanmar DHS Ministry of Health and Sports; 2017.

5. Guttmacher Institute. Induced aborion worldwide. [cited 2018 May]. Available from: https://www.guttmacher.org/

6. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Country report on 2007 fertility and reproductive health survey. Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar: UNFPA; 2009.

7. Ministry of Health [MOH]. Myanmar Country Report to the 6th Asean and Japan High Level Officials Meeting. MOH; 2008.

8. World Health Organization [WHO]. Biregional meeting on healthy borders in the greater Mekong subregion. WHO; 2010.

9. Chantavanich S, Vungsiriphisal P. Myanmar migrants to Thailand: Economic analysis and implications to Myanmar development. In: Lim H, Yamada Y, editors. Economic reforms in Myanmar: Pathways and prospects. Bangkok: Bangkok Research Center, IDE-JETRO; 2012. p.213-80.

10. MAP Foundation. Country profile on universal access to sexual and reproductive rights: Thailand. MAP Foundation; [N.d.].

11. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Socio-cultural influences on the reproductive health of migrant women. UNFPA; 2011.

12. Chamratrithirong A. The success of family planning program in Thailand being extended to its migrant workers - but they have miracles : Survey results of contraceptive practices among Myanmar, Cambodian and Laotian migrant workers in Thailand. Mahidol Migration Center Newsletter. 2012; 3: 3-5.

13. International Organization for Migration [IOM]. Assessing potential changes in the migration patterns of Myanmar migrants and their impacts on Thailand. Bangkok: IOM; 2013.

14. Soe HHK, Than NN, Kaul A, Kumar S, Somrongthong R. Determinants of contraceptive usage among Myanmar migrant women in Phang-Nga Province, Thailand. Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2012; 3(11): 721-8.

15. Rafiqi NU. Temporary migration experience and contraception use among women with a high propensity to migrate : a case study of Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System (KDSS), Thailand. Nakhonpathom: Mahidol University; 2010.

16. Han WM, Yamarat K, Panza A. Practice of contraception in premarital and marital sexual relationship among Myanmar youth migrants in Bang Bon district, Bangkok. Journal of Health Research. 2010; 24(Suppl.2): 121-4.

17. Nyarko SH. Prevalence and correlates of contraceptive use among female adolescents in Ghana. BMC Womens Health. 2015 Aug; 15: 60. doi: 10.1186/s12905-015-0221-2

18. Decat P, Zhang WH, Moyer E, Cheng YM, Wang ZJ, Lu CY, et al. Determinants of unmet need for contraception among Chinese migrants: A worksite-based survey. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2011 Feb; 16(1): 26-35. doi: 10.3109/13625187.2010.536920

19. Guttmacher Institute. Contrceptive use in United States. [cited 2018 June]. Available from: https://www.guttmacher.org

20. Abajobir AA, Seme A. Reproductive health knowledge and services utilization among rural adolescents in east Gojjam zone, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Mar; 14: 138. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-138

21. Zar KT, Perngparn U. Contraception usage among married women in Mandalay, Myanmar. Journal of Health Research. 2011; 25(2): 101-3.

22. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Report on situation analysis of popultion and development,reproductive health and gender in Myanmar. UNFPA; 2010.

23. Bal Yilmaz H, Kavlak O, Ünsal Atan Ş. Sexual activity, knowledge and contraceptive usage by gender among university students in Turkey. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2010; 15(6): 433-40. doi: 10.3109/13625187.2010.515045

24. Oindo ML. Contraception and sexuality among the youth in Kisumu, Kenya. Afr Health Sci. 2002 Apr; 2(1): 33-9.

25. Michael EJ. Use of contraceptives methods among women in stable marital relations attending health facilities in Kahama district, Shinyanga region, Tanzania. Tanzania: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences; 2012.

26. Han WM. Practice of contraception in premarital and marital sexual relationship among Myanmar youth migrants in Bang Bon districts, Bangkok and their reproductive health services accessibility. Bangkok: College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University; 2009.

27. Kinaro J, Kimani M, Ikamari L, Ayiemba EHO. Perceptions and barriers to contraceptive use among adolescents aged 15 - 19 years in Kenya: A case study of Nairobi. Health. 2015; 7(1): 85-97. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.71010

28. Webber GC, Spitzer DL, Somrongthong R, Dat TC, Kounnavongsa S. Migrant beer promoters' experiences accessing reproductive health care in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam: lessons for planners and providers. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Mar; 27(2): Np1228-40. doi: 10.1177/1010539512449854




How to Cite

Thwe, M., & Chuemchit, M. (2018). Factors affecting contraceptive utilization in Myanmar youth migrants in Samutsakhon province, Thailand. Journal of Health Research, 32(Suppl.1), S44-S52. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jhealthres/article/view/164642