Mental health and post-traumatic stress symptoms related to combat in soldiers at Phramongkutklao Hospital

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Kangsadan Penglong
Decha Lalitanantpong


Background : This is a study of post traumatic stress at a Thai military hospital in soldiers that experienced combat related mental trauma.

Objective : To study mental health and so-called post-traumatic stress symptoms and associated factors related to combat in soldiers at Phramongkutklao Hospital.

Design : Cross sectional descriptive study.

Setting : Phramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok.

Materials and Methods : Data were collected from 108 soldiers traumatized physically or mentally in combat and admitted at Phramongkutklao Hospital. Self-report questionnaire included:

1) Personal information;

2) Symptom Distress Checklist 90 (SCL.90);

3) General Health Questionnaire Plus-R (GHQ 12 Plus-R) Part 2 PTSD Screening Test. Univariate analysis was used to determine the associated factors with mental health and post-traumatic stress symptoms.

Results : Most soldiers in combat (73.1%) had mental health problems; 50.0 % also suffered from obsessive – compulsive symptoms. From Univariate analysis, the factors associated with mental health problems; were injury while performing field missions with wounds. And most of the soldiers in combat (77.8 %) did not have post-traumatic stress symptoms: the factors associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms; were age, pre-existing
marital status, level of education, and injury by being shot while on official missions.

Conclusion : Most soldiers wounded from combat had mental health problems but not typical post-traumatic stress symptoms.

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Modern Medicine