In vitro biocompatibility of novel titanium-based amorphous alloy thin film in human osteoblast-like cells

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Saran Tantavisut
Boonrat Lohwongwatana
Atchara Khamkongkaeo
Aree Tanavalee
Pairat Tangpornprasert
Pubul Ittiravivong


Background: Toxic free Ti-based amorphous alloy has the potential to be used in biomedical fields due to its
excellent biocompatibility and osseointegration.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a series of Ti44Zr10Pd10Cu6+ gif.latex?\timesCo23-gif.latex?\timesTa7 (gif.latex?\times = 0, 4, 8)
and examine their biocompatibility, biological properties, and toxicity in osteoblast-like cells.

Methods: Having developed the alloy ingots by induction melting, we used the cast rod as a plasma cathode in a filtered cathodic vacuum arc deposition chamber to coat a 25-nm thin film of amorphous alloy on cover glass slides. These coated cover glass slides were then examined for biocompatibility. The biocompatibility tests in SaOS2 osteoblast-like cells were performed using a methylthiazol tetrazolium assay and alizarin red staining. The medical grade Ti-6Al-4V alloys was studied in parallel as a control material.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in number of living cells between all novel alloys
compared with Ti-6Al-4V thin film. Alizarin red staining showed that all novel alloy thin film had significantly
higher percentage area of calcification in comparison with Ti-6Al-4V thin film control (gif.latex?\rho < 0.05). In term of calcification size, the Ti44Zr10Pd10Cu10Co19Ta7 and Ti44Zr10Pd10Cu14Co15Ta7 showed significantly greater calcification than control (gif.latex?\rho < 0.05) while Ti44Zr10Pd10Cu6Co23Ta7 also demonstrated larger calcification in comparison with control but no statistical significance (gif.latex?\rho = 0.27).

Conclusion: The results indicated that all investigated Ti-based alloys were found to be non-cytotoxic and
support differentiation of osteoblast-like cells.

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