Publication Ethics

All the listed authors must have agreed all of the contents, including the author list and author contributions statements. The corresponding author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been reached, that all authors have agreed to be listed and approved the manuscript submission to the journal, and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. Any changes to the author list after submission needs to be approved by every author.

Originality and plagiarism
Manuscripts submitted to the Chulalongkorn Medical Journal must not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Authors should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Human or animal subjects
If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript constitutes statements of compliance with relevant institutional guidelines. Studies on human and animals require the approval from the institutional review board. Authors should provide a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was acquired for experimentation with human subjects.

Editorial ethics
The Chulalongkorn Medical Journal follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) that set standards and provide guidelines for best practices in order to meet these requirements. The journal adheres to ensure the standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties related to the act of authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

Duties of Authors
1. Authors should provide an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
2. The authors should ensure their original works, and if the authors have applied the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately quoted and permission has been acquired where necessary.
3. The authors should present their findings clearly, honestly without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate manner.
4. The authors describe their methods unambiguously, therefore their results can be reproducible.
5. Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Multiple, redundant or concurrent Publication is unacceptable.
6. Authorship should reflect individuals who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made substantial contributions should be listed as co-authors.
7. All sources of funding and potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed.
8. The corresponding author must confirm that the corresponding author had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication and had full access to all the data in the study.

Duties of Reviewers
1. The reviewers should provide prompt, timely, and unbiased response to the Editors on manuscripts.
2. The reviewers should alert the editors of any possible reasons or potential conflicts of interest involved in a manuscript or its authors, or knowledge of a study, and withdraw from the process.
3. The reviewers should keep confidentiality of the entire documents in the review process.
4. The reviewers should notify the editors of any plagiarism where authors have not quoted or cited appropriately or duplicated work in publications, including their own.
5. The reviewers should provide timely feedback to authors who do not personally criticize them and provides clear supportive statements to back up their review decisions.
6. The reviewers should notify the editor and decline to participate in the review process if they feel unqualified or do not have the expertise to review the research reported in a manuscript.
7. The reviewers never use unpublished materials disclosed in the review process in their own research without permission of the authors.

Duties of Editors
1. The editor is solely and independently responsible for deciding which of the articles should be published.
The editor may consult editorial board or reviewers in making the decisions.
2. The editor should ensure that the peer review process is fair, unbiased, and timely.
3. The editor should select reviewers who have suitable expertise in the relevant field and shall follow best practice in avoiding the selection of fraudulent peer reviewers
4. Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.
5. Editors should critically assess the ethical conduct of studies in humans and animals.
6. Editors should have appropriate policies in place for handling editorial conflicts of interest.
7. The editor must protect the confidentiality of all material submitted to the journal.