The Development of Placental Delivery and Examination Video Media for Nursing Students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing Bangkok
Introduction: This research and development aimed to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a video media on placental delivery and examination of teaching and learning among undergraduate nursing students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok according to ADDIE model. Research objectives: The objectives of this study were to: (a) develop video lessons for comparing knowledge and skills, and (b) assess satisfaction of nursing students on learning via video lessons concerning placental delivery and examination at baseline and follow-up. Research methodology: The study was conducted from July 2018 to September 2019. A purposive sampling technique was used to recruit 123 sophomore and junior undergraduate nursing students. Research instruments included: (1) video demonstrating the placental delivery and examination, (2) pre-and post-test of knowledge regarding placental delivery and examination, (3) the placental delivery and examination skill test, and (4) the nursing student satisfaction with video media questionnaire. Content validity and educational technology of the video were assessed using five specialists. Then, a pilot study was conducted to assess the reliability of the video using sophomore and junior undergraduate nursing students. The research process started by surveying and analyzing nursing students’ needs for video media. Afterwards, the video media was developed and tested using E1/E2 Model for Process and Product-based Developmental Testing of Instructional Media and Instructional Packages. Finally, the effectiveness of the video media was evaluated. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired dependent t-test. Results: Results revealed that the efficacy score of the video media on placental delivery and examination was at 81.25/92.25 which was higher than the expected criterion of 80/80. For the pre-test and post-test of knowledge regarding the placental delivery and examination, posttest mean score was significantly higher than pretest mean score (t (70) = 23.50, p< 0.001). Most participants (82.86%, n = 58) passed the placental delivery and examination skill test which was judged using a cut point score of 70%. In addition, these results indicated that the total mean score of participants’ satisfaction towards video media was at the highest level (mean= 4.73, S.D. = 0.47). Conclusions: The findings of this study infer that the video media on placental delivery and examination is effective for learning through self-study and could be used to prepare nursing students’ knowledge and skills before practicing in labor room. Implications: Nursing students or those interested can review knowledge and skills on placental delivery and examination prior to practice in the labor room via video media. This would be further developed educational research as well.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals