The Effects of Self-efficacy Enhancement Program on Stroke Prevention Behavior and Blood Pressure among Patients with Hypertension
Keywords:Hypertension, Self-efficacy, Stroke Prevention Behavior
The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to study the effects of self-efficacy enhancement program on stroke prevention behavior and blood pressure among patients with hypertension. Sample were 64 patients with hypertension, who received medical treatments from the sub-district health-promoting hospital in Nakhon Panom province. The sample were assigned into the control and experimental groups, which included 32 patients in each group. The control group received routine nursing care, whereas the experimental group received self-efficacy enhancement promotion program for 8 weeks. The instrument was the Self-efficacy enhancement program among patients with hypertension. Data were collected by using the self-efficacy enhancement and stroke prevention behavior of hypertension patient questionnaire. This research tool had the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.87 and 0.80. Sphygmomanometer were tested for their biometric property. Data were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics, Chi-Square test, Paired t-test , and Independent t-test.
The results revealed that mean scores of self-efficacy enhancement and stroke prevention behavior of experimental group after receiving an intervention were higher than those of before receiving and higher than the control group (p < .001) and mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure after experiment were lower than before experiment and lower than the control group (p < .001). Therefore, the Self-efficacy enhancement promotion program can change health behaviors and reduce blood pressure levels of patients with hypertension and can be further applied to promote self-care in the patients with hypertension.
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