The Causal Relationship Model of the Success of Nurse Entrepreneurs in The Upper Northern Region


  • Ghunyanutt Sathagathonthun -


              This study aimed to 1) develop a causal relationship of the success of nurse entrepreneurs in the upper northern region. The information provider consisted of ten experts who are scholarly economic experts and those are experienced entrepreneurs at least 5 years. Research instrument was the structured interview with a CVI value as 0.82 and the reliability values as 0.71. The content analysis was used to analyze the data from the interview, and 2) test how well the causal model of the success of 480 nurse entrepreneurs with the evidence (sample data). The research instrument was a rating scale questionnaire on success factors of entrepreneur nurses with a CVI value as 0.82 and the reliability value was 0.87. The structural equation models (SEM) using Mplus was utilized to examine the causal relationship.

             The findings revealed that the causal model of the success of nurse entrepreneurs in the upper northern region. comprised of establishment factors, law factors, ethics factors, entrepreneur factors, and operation factors. The SEM analysis showed that the causal model of the success of nurse entrepreneurs fit the data well. The whole model accounts for 61.30% of the explained variance for the latent variable, the success of nurse entrepreneurs. Establishment factors, entrepreneurship law factors, business ethics factors, entrepreneur factors, and operation factors directly influenced the success of nurse entrepreneurs (β = 0.861, 0.659, 0.596, 0.544, and 0.902.  respectively). Also, entrepreneur factors and establishment factors directly influenced Operation Factors. (β = 0.961 and 0.791). Law factors and ethics factors indirectly influenced on operations through entrepreneurs (β =1.642 and 0.473). They explained variance for the latent variable and operation Factors for 71.90%.  Law factors and ethic factors directly influenced entrepreneur factors (β = 1.1560 and 0.721). They explained variance for the latent variable entrepreneur factors of 86.50%. According to the experts’interview, the recommendations for utilization the casual model revealed that the nurse should develop their own potential in order to be successful in entrepreneurship according to the factors that influence success as follows: entrepreneur factors, establishment factors, business operations factors, entrepreneurship, law factors, and business ethics factors.


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How to Cite

Sathagathonthun, G. (2023). The Causal Relationship Model of the Success of Nurse Entrepreneurs in The Upper Northern Region . NU Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 17(2). Retrieved from