Factors Predicting Tuberculosis Prevention Behaviors of Senior High School Students in Bangkok
Keywords:Tuberculosis, Tuberculosis Prevention Behaviors, Senior High School Students
Tuberculosis is an infectious respiratory disease as a key public problem worldwide. This predictive descriptive research aimed to examine the predicting factors of tuberculosis preventive behaviors among senior high school students in Bangkok based on the factors of perceived health beliefs. The Health Belief Model of Becker was used as the conceptual framework in this study. Multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit the sample of 243 senior high school students of the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Bangkok who met the inclusion criteria. Research instruments were self-administered questionnaires including demographics, Health Belief Questionnaire which consisted of 1) Perceived susceptibility of tuberculosis infection, 2) Perceived severity of tuberculosis infection, 3) Perceived benefits of tuberculosis prevention, 4) Perceived barriers of tuberculosis prevention, and 5) Tuberculosis Preventive Behavior Questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities were 0.77, 0.86, 0.81, 0.83 and 0.82 respectively, and they had all been tested for content validity with a score of 0.98. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and enter multiple regression analysis.
The findings revealed that the mean age of the subjects was 16.74 years (S.D. = .93) The sample had a mean score of 66.92 (S.D.= 11.47) for the overall tuberculosis preventive behaviors at a high level. Perceived severity of tuberculosis and perceived benefits of tuberculosis prevention could co-predict overall tuberculosis prevention behaviors by 8.6 (R2 = .086, p < .05). The factors with the highest influence are perceived benefits of tuberculosis prevention (β = .338, p < .01), followed by perceived seriousness of tuberculosis (β = -.163, p < .05).
Based on the study findings, the institutions should play a significant role in active health promotion in the schools by organizing the tuberculosis screening project or providing knowledge about tuberculosis based on the relevant factors to make students realize the importance of tuberculosis prevention.
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