The Effects of Using a Teaching Model with Contemplative Education in Practicum to Enhance Resilience among Nursing Students in the First-Time of Nursing Practice
This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of combining contemplative education activities with a practicum to promote the mental resilience of nursing students during initial clinical practice. 26 second-year nursing students participated in the program combining a contemplative concept in Nursing Practicum I practice. Research instruments underpinned by the Contemplative Education of Mahidol University and Judith Simmer-Brown were developed by researchers and were reliably proved at 0.87. They consisted of resilience questionnaires while practicing in clinics, and opened-end questionnaires related to opinions on combining contemplative education with nursing practice. All participants answered questionnaires before and three weeks after intervention. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test, and content analysis.
The results indicated three mental resilience score, namely 1) I Am, 2) I Can, and 3) I Have, of the participants after receiving the integrated contemplative education and a practicum, was significantly higher than before receiving the intervention at .01. After using the resilience model, participants reported feeling relaxed as they could drain the causes of distress and anxiety. Concentration and listening to peers were also facilitated. The national environment was used as a metaphor to reflect participants’ feelings or life realities. This could enable coping positively and learning to take better care of clients. They received psychological support and clinical nursing skills from peers, nursing lecturers, and registered nurses in clinics. It may conclude that combining a contemplative approach with clinical practice during initial clinical practice can enhance nursing students’ mental resilience during clinical practice. This allowed participants an opportunity to understand and review themselves, gain self-awareness, and improve basic nursing care skills.
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