Effect of SKT Meditation Program on Quality of Life for Persons with Chronic Renal Failure
This quasi-experimental study with a one-group pretest-posttest design aimed to compare the quality of life of patients with CKD before and after SKT meditation program. The 34 samples were purposefully selected based on the inclusion criteria: 1) be diagnosed with stage 3 or 4 CKD 2) live in the health district of a health promoting hospital in one Tambon, Muang District, Suphanburi Province 3) have a telephone to communicate with the investigator; and 4) be conscious and communicate in Thai. The research instrument included: 1) the SKT Meditation Therapy Program, which included CKD workshops, the three postures of SKT meditation therapy (SKT1, SKT3, and SKT6), and the SKT therapeutic meditation record; and 2) the data collection instruments, which included a demographic data questionnaire and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life - Short Form Version 1.3 (KDQOL-SF TM 1.3) with Cronbach's alpha coefficient .71-.94. The study was conducted for 8 weeks. The descriptive statistics and paired t-test were applied in this study.
The results showed that the majority of the sample was male (52.94%), between 80-89 years old (35.30%), and had two comorbidities (41.20%). Before the trial, the overall quality of life score of the sample was "moderate" ( = 59.32, S.D. = 16.57) After the trial, the overall quality of life average score was "good" ( = 77.03, S.D. = 10.20). The quality of life after the trial was statistically significantly higher than before the trial. (t = 8.43, p = .000)
The health care team should encourage people with CKD to do SKT meditation therapy in SKT1, SKT3, and SKT6. This therapy stimulates the body's circulatory system, which helps bring more blood to the kidneys, slows down kidney degeneration, and improves quality of life over time.
Artsanthia, J., & Triamchaisri K.S., (2016). The effect of Thai imaginary meditation healing exercise (SKT6) in palliative care for people living with end stage renal disease. Journal of Health and Health Management, 3(2), 51-66. [In Thai].
Bikbov, B., Abdoli, A., Abebe, M., & Adebayo, O. (2020). Global, regional, and national burden of chronic kidney disease 1990-2017: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet, 395, 709-733. https://doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30045-3
Chainate, M. (2022). Effects of SKT Meditation Healing Exercise on Stress and Dyspnea among Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Journal of Nursing and Public Health Research, 2(1), 15-27. [In Thai].
Chuasuwan, A., Lumpaopong A. (2020). Thailand Renal Replacement Therapy: Year 2020 National Kidney Foundation. retrieved 12 Sep 2022 from https://www.nephrothai.org/annual-report-thailand-renal-replacement-therapy-2007-2019-th/. [In Thai].
Cockwell, P., & Fisher, L. A. (2020). The global burden of chronic kidney disease. Lancet, 395, 662-664. retrieved 2 Sep 2022 from https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32977-0
Cruz, M. C., Andrade, C., Urrutia, M., Draibe, S., Nogueira-Martins, L. A., & de Castro Cintra Sesso, R. (2011). Quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease. Clinics, 66(6), 991–995.
Deesom, P., Naewbood, S., & Thojampa, S. (2019). The Effect of the Health Promotion Program with Standing Breathing Meditation Exercise SKT 2 among Patients with Uncontrolled Hypertension. Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 13(2), 66-76.
Hansen, R. A., Chin, H., Blalock, S., & Joy, M. S. (2009). Predialysis chronic kidney disease: Evaluation of quality of life in clinic patients receiving comprehensive anemia care. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 5(2), 143–153.
Homjean, K. (2009). Reliability and validity of the Thai version of the kidney disease quality of life-short form. Master’s thesis. Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. [In Thai].
Jirubapa, M. (2014). The Slowly Progressive Chronic Kidney Disease from Adult to Elder Persons. The Journal Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhonratchasima, 20(2), 5-16. [In Thai].
Kaewponpek, A. (2018). Effects of Exercise and Meditation Therapy among Homebound Elders with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes in Wang Sawap Subdistrict, Khon Kaen Province. EAU Heritage Journal Science and Technology, 12(2), 265-272. [In Thai].
Nuibandan, A., Noopetch, P., Damkliang, J., & Promtape, N. (2011). Effect of mindfulness by hand movement on stress and sati level of nurse students of Prince of Songkla University. Songklanagarind Journal Nursing, 31(1), 19-34. [In Thai].
Office of the Ministry of Public Health. (2019). Statistics of chronic renal failure patients in health zone 5: year 2019. retrieved 12 Sep 2022 from http://www.thaikhealth.or.th/Content/19765. [In Thai].
Panyachotikun, A., Satkong, S., & Sriwisit, S. (2017). Effects of SKT Meditation Therapy for Lowering Blood Pressure Level of Patients with Hypertension in Sikao Hosptial, Trang Province. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 4(2), 245-255. [In Thai].
Paophutorn, S. (2020). The effects of providing information and SKT meditation therapy practice on stress of caregivers in the family of stroke patients on thetransitional period from hospital to home. Journal of Research and Health Innovative Development, 1(1), 108-117. [In Thai].
Phongputtipat, R., Sriyuktasut, A., Sanaha, J., & Wongsirimas, N. (2013). Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Before Renal Replacement Therapy. Journal Nurses’ Association of Thailand, North-Eastern Division, 31(1), 52-61. [In Thai].
Photaworn, P., & Wongpradit, S. (2017). Experience in Breathing Meditation Practicing for Decreases the Tension in Testing Maternal-Newborn and Midwifery 2 Subject of Nurse Student. The Southern College Network. Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 4(1), 171-179. [In Thai].
Public Health Office Suphanburi Province. (2018). Annual year 2018 Public Health Office Suphanburi Province. 131-132. [In Thai].
Ratsamana, P., & Promjang, B. (2018). Effect of Practicing SKT 1 Healing Meditation to Blood Pressure Level of Essential Hypertensive Patients in Primary Care Cluster Naimuang Municipal district, Sawankhalok, Sukhothai Province. Journal of disease prevention and control: DPC 2 Phitsanulok, 5(2), 15-27. [In Thai].
Surawatakul, S, Laorat, S & Dermtamrum, L. (2020). Development of care model for chronic kidney disease stage 4 in Nadoon District. Academic Journal of Mahasarakham Provincial Public Health Office, 4(7), 129-143. [In Thai].
Thungtong, S., Chinnawong, T., & Thaniwattananon, P. (2015). Effects of Self-Management Support Program for Delayed Progression of Diabetic Nephropathy on Self-Management Behaviors and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Songklanagarind Journal Nursing, 35(1), 67-82. [In Thai].
Triamchaisri, K.S. (2018). Meditation Practice for Healing Health. Bangkok: Office of Printing Works Veterans Relief Organization; 2018. [In Thai].
World Health Organization [WHO]. (1996). WHOQOL-BREF: Introduction, administration, scoring and generic of the assessment, field trial version Geneva: WHO.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.