Factors Related to Health Literacy in Patients with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes


  • Kobkul Madican Faculty of Nursing at Naresuan University
  • Nongnut Oba
  • Pinhatai Supametaporn


Health Literacy, Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes, perceived health status, Social support, Services of diabetes clinic


The purpose of this descriptive survey research was to investigate the health literacy level and factors related to health literacy among people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. The sample was made up of 370 people who were attributed with type 2 diabetes and had HbA1C level of > 7% in a diabetes clinic, of hospitals in Uttaradit province. They were randomized by multi-stage random sampling. The research instruments included 2 questionnaires. The first questionnaire was the health literacy questionnaire. The reliability of the first questionnaire was 0.70. The second questionnaire was composed of health status perception's questionnaire, family social support questionnaire, and services of diabetes clinic questionnaire. The reliability of the second questionnaire was 0.70, 0.90, and 0.76, respectively. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient and Eta coefficient. The findings revealed that 44.1% of patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes had a high health literacy level. Meanwhile, 55.9% had a low health literacy level. The mean value of their health literacy was ( = 168.30, S.D. = 28.57) The health literacy related factors that were found to have positive correlation were the education level (η = .446, p < .001), services of diabetes clinic (r = . 307, p < .001), health status perception (r = . 283, p < .001), and family social support (r = .137, p < .01). However, age was found to have a negative correlation (r = -.345, p < .001). These four associated factors should be promoted to enhance the health literacy of people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.


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How to Cite

Madican, K. ., Oba, N. ., & Supametaporn, P. . (2020). Factors Related to Health Literacy in Patients with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes. NU Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 14(1), 38–53. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NurseNu/article/view/229035