The Effects of Participatory Guidance Program on Perceived on Health Belief and Disease Preventive Behaviors in Diabetes Mellitus Risk People
Keywords:Participatory guidance program, Perceived on health belief, Disease preventive behaviors, Diabetes Mellitus risk people
The purpose of this one group pretest-posttest design was to compare the perceptions onhealth belief score and diseasepreventive behaviors of people at risk with diabetes mellitusbefore and after receiving the participatory guidanceprogram. The sample group consisted of 32 people who had been screened with at least 3 risk factor for diabetes mellitus. The two research instruments of this study included 1) the experimental intervention which was a participatory guidance program, its content composed of 1.1) making relationships, 1.2) evaluating and analyzing risk factors together, 1.3) summarizing the findings and exchanging of opinions, 1.4) establishing guidelines for prevention of disease together, and 1.5) following and encouraging the implementation of the agreed guidelines, and 2) the instruments for data collection including health belief questionnaires, and diseasepreventive behavior questionnaires. General data, health belief, and diabetes mellitus preventive behavior data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, and paired t-test statistic was used to compare the average score. The results showed that after receiving the participatory guidance, the mean score of health belief and diabetes mellitus preventive behaviors were significantly higher than before receiving the participatory guidance ( = 1.87, S.D. = 0.17; = 1.75, S.D. = 0.20), ( = 1.62, S.D. = 0.22; = 1.47, S.D. = 0.19) at p-value .001. From this research, it was found that the participatory guidance has led to diabetes mellitus at risk group with having higher levels of health beliefs and behaviors to prevent diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the participatory guidance program can effectively increase perceived health beliefs and disease preventive behaviors inDiabetes Mellitus at risk people
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