Met and Unmet Needs Among Family Caregivers of the Frail Elderly in Phuket Province Before and After Discharge


  • Chayanit Luevanich


Needs, Met, Unmet, Family caregiver, Discharge


The aims of this study were to explore 1) the family caregivers' met needs before and after the frail elderly discharge, 2) the family caregivers' difficulties in caring for the frail elderly after discharge, and 3) the family caregivers' unmet needs before and after the frail elderly discharge. A mixed methods approach with Qual/quan was used. A total of 108 participants were included in the qualitative study, including the registered nurses whose responsible for home health care and long-term care, the family caregivers, village health volunteers and the elderly care volunteers. In-depth interview, focus group and non-participant observation were used to generate the qualitative data. The data were analyzed by using the constant comparative method. The purposive sampling was exercised for the quantitative analysis, 82 participants were included, questionnaires were applied, and descriptive statistics were used for the data analysis. The results revealed that the family caregivers' met needs before and after discharge were at the moderate level. The highest need among the family caregivers was the advice of helping elderly's of daily living. Five met needs after discharge included the support of the adult diapers, nursing home health care, the village health volunteers/elderly care volunteers' home visit, the hospital's ready made benderlized diet for sale, and physical rehabilitation. Six difficulties among the family caregivers in caring for the frail elderly were 1) nursing care, 2) management of the elderly emotions, 3) family caregivers' health problems, 4) difficulty to mobilize the elderly, 5) high expenses and 6) elderly's non-compliance. Finding showed that the family caregivers' unmet needs included the advice for the elderly's emotional management, medical data, moreover the time the elderly recovers, management tracheostomy tube dislodge, and the issueing of the disables' identification card.


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How to Cite

Luevanich, C. (2019). Met and Unmet Needs Among Family Caregivers of the Frail Elderly in Phuket Province Before and After Discharge. NU Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 12(3), 83–94. Retrieved from